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Adolescence Nutrition

Students will select one life cycle.

First year of infant’s life
School age
Lactating female
Mature adult
Once a life cycle has been selected, you will do the following three things.

Describe the life cycle and the age to be in that life cycle.
Describe nutritional challenges associated with that particular life cycle.
Develop a diet specifically tailored to that stage of life. (Make sure to include all of the macronutrients [percentages of carbs, fats, and protein]) Explain the rationale. Do not forget to discuss specific nutrients that may be of concern during this particular life cycle, and elaborate on the reasons behind the issues and challenges associated with various nutrients.
Life Cycle Nutrition and Chronic Disease Grading Rubric
Life Cycle Nutrition and Chronic Disease Grading Rubric
Criteria Ratings Pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeLifestyle Selection
Select a lifecycle.
3.0 pts
Full Marks
0.0 pts
No Marks
3.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAnalysis
Discuss nutritional challenges associated with the particular lifecycle that you have chosen. Make sure to examine specific nutrients that are relevant to this lifecycle.
9.0 pts
Full Marks
0.0 pts
No Marks
9.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeMenu Planning
Create a diet specifically for the lifecycle that you have chosen. The diet must include three meals for the day and you must explain why you have included the specific types and amounts of food.
9.0 pts
Full Marks
0.0 pts
No Marks
9.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeMechanics
Includes name, citations within body of essay, proper spelling, grammar, and separate bibliography.
4.0 pts
Full Marks
0.0 pts
No Marks
4.0 pts
Total Points: 25.0





Subject Nutrition Pages 5 Style APA


  • Adolescent Nutrition

    Description of the Chosen Life Cycle

    The human body undergoes constant development and changes throughout its life cycle. Nutrition plays a crucial role in human body development by providing fuel to facilitate growth. This essay focuses on the adolescent life cycle, describing its nutritional challenges and developing a diet plan specifically tailored for the group. As suggested in the paper, an adolescent diet should incorporate high amounts of whole grains, proteins, vegetables, and fruits to facilitate proper growth and development.

    Adolescence is described as a provisional phase from childhood to adulthood, featuring growth spurt and drastic changes in the body’s nutritional needs. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), an adolescent is any individual aged between 10 and 19. This age is closely equated to puberty between the ages of 8 and 13 in girls while 9 and 14 in boys. Puberty is characterized by rapid psychological, emotional, and physical changes overlaying in reproduction, which impose lifestyle changes amounting to variations in eating habits and food choices. Thus, adolescent nutrition is crucial in promoting physical growth and preventing future health hitches.

    Nutritional Challenges

    Rapid growth and development, along with social factors, make adolescence susceptible to several nutritional concerns. According to Anabwani (2015), adolescent nutrition’s rising problems are attributed to two key aspects. Adolescents represent a significant number in the global demographics, constituting approximately 20 percent of the world population. Second, the adolescent stage presents an opportunity to rectify nutritional practices and refining individuals’ nutritional status. A common dietary challenge associated with adolescence is unhealthy eating habits that may amount to irregular eating patterns, meal skipping, and snacking on low nutrient items.

    The WHO fact sheet on adolescent dietary habits reports a decrease in healthy eating among adolescents, featuring reduced breakfast consumption, low consumption of fruits and vegetables, and an increase in soft-drink consumption (World Health Organization, 2016). Obesity prevalence is another nutritional concern among teenagers. Ruiz et al. (2020) reveal that the highest prevalence in childhood obesity was among adolescents aged 12 to 19 years at 20.6 percent, with youths aged 6-11 years closely behind at 18.4%. Unnecessary dieting among adolescents is also common, especially girls who are vulnerable to self-esteem issues. Such poor dieting activities increase the risks of eating disorders in the forms of bulimia nervosa and anorexia Nervosa (Anabwani, 2015). These eating disorders accelerate nutritional problems such as stunted growth and delayed puberty.

    Diet Plan

    Basing on the nutritional needs of the adolescent, a diet plan would be as follows:

    Food group

    Daily amount in females (12-18 years)

    Daily amounts in males(12-18 years)

    Grains (1ounce=1 slice of bread

    6 ounces

    7-10 ounces

    Fruits (1 cup=1 cup of fresh juice

    2 cups

    2 cups

    Vegetables (1cup=1 cup of raw or cooked vegetables



    Milk (1cup=8 ounces of yogurt)

    3 cups

    3 cups

    Proteins (I ounce=I egg, a half-ounce of nuts, or I ounce of fish)

    5-6 ounces



    2200-2650 calories

    2800-4250 calories



    The adolescence stage involves an increase in growth and development, which demands a high-calorie intake ranging between 2200-2500 calories a day (Das et al., 2017).  Calorie intake should be regulated to prevent obesity, best done by avoiding high sugar or fat foods such as fast foods. The macronutrients needed by teenagers include carbohydrates, proteins, and fats that provide energy for growth and muscle development. Regardless of the significant benefits of minerals and vitamins, adolescents do not get enough. A crucial mineral is iron, which essential for carrying out red blood cells, and calcium to strengthen bones. Vitamins such as vitamin E and vitamin A are also necessary for boosting the immune system and skincare. Fiber, which is present in whole grains, aids in constipation and is associated with ease of heart disease. Overall, the adolescent diet should incorporate high amounts of whole grains, proteins, vegetables, and fruits to facilitate proper growth and development.    









      • Anabwani, G. (2015). Nutrition Issue in Adolescence. Nestle Nutrition Institute. https://www.nestlenutrition-institute.org/country/za/news/article/2015/09/01/nutrition-issues-in-adolescence

        Das, J. K., Salam, R. A., Thornburg, K. L., Prentice, A. M., Campisi, S., Lassi, Z. S., … & Bhutta, Z. A. (2017). Nutrition in adolescents: physiology, metabolism, and nutritional needs. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences1393(1), 21-33.

        Rodrigues, P. R. M., Luiz, R. R., Monteiro, L. S., Ferreira, M. G., Gonçalves-Silva, R. M. V., & Pereira, R. A. (2017). Adolescents’ unhealthy eating habits are associated with meal skipping. Nutrition42, 114-120.

        Ruiz, L. D., Zuelch, M. L., Dimitratos, S. M., & Scherr, R. E. (2019). Adolescent Obesity: Diet Quality, Psychosocial Health, and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors. Nutrients12(1), 43. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12010043

        World Health Organization. (2016).  Adolescent’s Dietary Habits fact sheet [Fact Sheet].https://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/303477/HBSC-No.7_factsheet_Diet.pdf%3Fua%3D1




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