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    i will present this paper through PPT so i need that this paper will include alot of numerical data and please i need it in actual and real and primary data\


    My choice is the title “Economic impacts of acquisition & merger of ship buildings and ship yard companies”

    to be the title of my project


    note very important : i need numerical data about my research paper 

    and i need my project from real , actual and primary data


    i need abstract about my project to send it to take the acceptance and i need high qualified abstract to pass in 48 hours – once you do the abstract, just hold on.


    my deadline for final submission is 12/12/2018


    and i need it also to read it very well because i must study the directions about it to reply any queries and questions if it will need


    so please start in preparing this abstract and i need it after 48 hour if it possible and note to if it accepted i will continue our project.



Subject Economics Pages 3 Style APA


Economic Impacts of Acquisition & Merger of ship buildings & ship yard companies


Mergers and Acquisitions (M & A) are common business strategies that major corporations adopt to expand and grow their businesses globally (Tamosiuniene and Duksaite, 2009). Motivated by the growth of shareholder value such actions not only target formation of new entities but also new economic and social strategies that enable the respective companies to grow rapidly beyond their competitors in the industry ensuring that the weak companies are edged out of business or are acquired (Roberts, Wallace, and Moles, 2016). The shipping industry has faced tough economic challenges since the 2008/9 global economic crises that saw most of the maritime global industries suffer heavy financial losses. Ship building companies and other maritime activities are already burdened by the negative effects of the 2008/9 recession including unsustainable demand for shipping vessels. The oversupply conditions that developed mainly due to the recession global recession has compelled the industry to turn its attention to mergers and acquisitions to remain afloat (Gordon, 2018). Some of the notable M&A include AP Moller-Maersk and Hapag-Lloyd (Wagner, 2015). The adverse effects of fuel prices, low freight rates and the majority of small ship sizes in the industry has propelled most companies in the industry to pool resources together to compete with big liners in the industry. The demand for upgraded ports is also increasing as shipping alliances seek to maximize their returns (Wagner, 2015).  In 2001, top ten shipping liners held only 37.3 percent of the shipping industry internationally but currently due to M & A activities, the top ten shipping companies now control 63% of the global shipping market (Wagner, 2015). This paper evaluates the economic impact of mergers and acquisition to the shipping companies and related ship yard entities.
Sewdas et al.’s (2017) study employed, there are very little room for generalizing the study’s findings.  


Gordon, S. (2018) 10 years on From Lehman, How Is the Shipping’s “Hangover?”  Shipping Intelligence Network, Clarksons Research retrieved November 28, 2018 from https://sin.clarksons.net/News/Article/131408

Roberts, A., Wallace, W., and Moles, P. (2016) Mergers and Acquisitions retrieved November 28, 2018 from https://www.ebsglobal.net/EBS/media/EBS/PDFs/Mergers-Acquisitions-Course-Taster.pdf

Tamosiuniene, R., and Duksaite, E. (2009) The Importance of Mergers and Acquisitions I Todays Economy retrieved November 28, 2018 from http://www.tksi.org/JOURNAL-KSI/PAPER-PDF-2009/2009-4-03.pdf

Wagner, S. (2015) M & A Trends in the Maritime Sector, KPMG, retrieved November 28, 2018 from https://assets.kpmg.com/content/dam/kpmg/pdf/2015/11/2015-shipping-insights-briefing3.pdf


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