Falls and nurses intervention
What interventions protect patients from falling in the long-term care setting?
How is the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL’s) related to safety?
Nursing Interventions on falls and How ADLs Relate to Safety
The vulnerable groups, especially elderly patients in long-term care settings, face the risk of falls and related injuries. The injuries sometimes are serious and often result in accidental deaths of the patients. Therefore, it is vital to implement different approaches in the prevention of falls in long-term care settings for the elderly patients. The paper seeks to provide the various interventions that protect patients from falls in the long-term care setting and explain how the ability to perform daily living activities relate to safety.
The interventions used in protection from falling need tailoring for each patient to facilitate their effectiveness. Therefore, the various interventions used in protection against falling include environmental modification through assessment of patient rooms and the general areas of operation (LeLaurin, & Shorr, 2019). For example, improving the room pathways through proper room arrangement and removing colored tiles that render perceptions of holes on floors. Other strategies include offering lower extremities training, supervising patients’ walking, and medication review by pharmacists. These are countermeasures on falls result from using medications of the central nervous system, such as psychotropics. In addition, incorporating exercise programs is a useful intervention and caregiving skill since it focuses on muscle strengthening.
The activities of daily living (ADLs) are tasks done by a person daily and are necessary for living independently. These activities have basic categories, which are ambulating, feeding, dressing, toileting, hygiene and the control of bowel and bladder functions. The decline in the ability to perform ADLs has several causes, including acute illnesses and hospitalization. Therefore, the definition of ADL loss is significant for appropriate support and care of a patient, and assessments help determine the need for patient rehabilitation for safety (Treas, Wilkinson, Barnett, & Smith, 2018). The assessment weighs the significance of assisting patients at their home or in a long-term care facility as far as a safe environment for recovery is concerned.
LeLaurin, J. H., & Shorr, R. I. (2019). Preventing falls in hospitalized patients: state of the science. Clinics in geriatric medicine, 35(2), 273.
Treas, L. S., Wilkinson, J. M., Barnett, K. L., & Smith, M. H. (2018). Basic Nursing: Thinking, Doing, and Caring (2nd ed.).