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  1. Familiar Violence

     

    QUESTION

    Define and analyze the meaning of familiar violence

     

 

Subject Law and governance Pages 4 Style APA

Answer

Familiar Violence

Familiar violence refers to any form of sexual, physical, psychological, legal, economic, emotional, or spiritual abuse, and all these categories ate illegal and unacceptable by the law (Makleff, Barindelli, Zavala, Garduño, & Márquez, 2019). There are diverse risk factors for victimization. Among them include gender, age, high-risk sexual behavior, less educational levels, unemployment, subjection to violence at an early stage, or prior history of domestic violence or intimate partner violence (Leach, 2016). Victimization destroys families and relationships. It creates psychological effects such as fear, anger, depression, sleeplessness, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Feelings of anxiety develop following the experiences and growing worries of revictimization, which causes mistrust in one’s family, community, or state, destroying relationships that could otherwise have been healthy (Leach, 2016). Victimization also limits an individual’s work-life or social life by significantly changing their lifestyles or adopting more crime preventative measures. It is unlikely to predict the exact effects of victimization on an individual, as different people react differently to these situations. The more vulnerable ones are more likely to face a more significant impact on their financial, physical, and psychological positions.

According to David M. Heger, the police department is growing more efficient at managing domestic abuse calls. The staff employed in police control rooms are appropriately trained and supervised to offer their services at the right time (Leach, 2016). They promptly identify when someone is vulnerable to victimization and respond immediately to their needs before more harm is caused (Makleff, Barindelli, Zavala, Garduño, & Márquez, 2019). However, the police department must work on its logistics to reduce any underlying delays in assigning officers to victims exposed to risks. The police should continually improve their comprehension capacity of coercive and controlling behavior by investing in training and guidance in managing domestic abuse. Specialist-trained police officers are more likely to conduct efficient domestic abuse cases and protect the victims from re-experiencing the ordeals.

Mandatory criminal charging in familiar violence cases is applied in a wide variety of scenarios. Mandatory arrests are approaches directing police officers to detain a specific perpetrator in scenarios with probable causes of domestic assault occurrence, regardless of a victim’s wishes (Makleff, Barindelli, Zavala, Garduño, & Márquez, 2019). Mandatory prosecution calls upon all government attorneys to present substantial criminal charges against a batterer. One-third of U.S. police departments apply mandatory arrest as the most efficient policy that deters batterers from future violence.

There are multiple federal and state violent crime/crime of violence and victim’s rights laws in the United States. For instance, the Victim’s Rights and Restitution Act of (1990) were introduced as a section of the Crime Control Act, suggesting that federal crime victims have an equal right to restitution. The court must record substantial reasons as to why it offers restitution, and the move must be cut short if it is at the expense of the victim’s rights (Makleff, Barindelli, Zavala, Garduño, & Márquez, 2019). The Justice for All Act was implemented in 2004, authorizing grants to allow states to enforce victims’ rights laws, with significant grants to develop state-of-the-art victim notification systems. Further, the Charter of Victim’s Rights suggests 18 rights for victims, requiring that they be handled with courtesy, respect, and compassion (Makleff, Barindelli, Zavala, Garduño, & Márquez, 2019). They should be provided with information about and access various welfare, health, and counseling services to better manage their situation. Where available, victims should be informed about the progress of their case, investigation measures, and prosecution.

According to the U.S. Department of Justice, family violence accounts for about 11% of all the violence cases that were reported and unreported between 1998 and 2002. Of the total percentage, close to 3.5 million, were reported as violent crimes. Future approaches to police response in familiar violence incidents require some adjustments (U.S. Department of Justice). The officers, executives, law enforcement agencies, and front-line supervisors require adequate training and technical assistance to develop proactive strategies to detect crime (Leach, 2016). The goal is to allow victims to speak openly about their experiences or report in time whenever an individual shows signs of abuse.

 

References

David M. Heger, Policy Analyst, University of Missouri–St. Louis. Mandatory Arrest and Prosecution Policies for Domestic Violence: A Critical Literature Review and the Case for More Research to Test Victim Empowerment Approaches. https://mainweb-v.musc.edu/vawprevention/policy/mandarrest.shtml

Leach, S. (2016). Preventing Violence: Community-based Approaches to Early Warning and Early Response. ETH Zurich.

Makleff, S., Barindelli, F., Zavala, R. I., Garduño, J., Silva, V. I., & Márquez, C. M. (2019). Preventing intimate partner violence among young people.

OVC ARCHIVE: Chapter 3 Specific Justice Systems and Victims’ Rights. https://www.ncjrs.gov/ovc_archives/nvaa99/chap3-2.htm

U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs: Family Violence Statistics Including Statistics on Strangers and Acquaintances. https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/fvs02.pdf

 

 

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