Grand Nursing Theorist
Examples from the literature of how the theory has been used.
Hypothesis and concrete examples of how application of the theory will change practice.
Description of how the theory will be integrated at the institution and how it will be used as a foundation or framework for administration or practice, including process, details, and a variety of involved aspects.
CLC – Grand Nursing Theorist Assignment: Theorist Identification and Rationale
Theory Selected: Jean Watson’s Theory of Caring
Jean Watson is a nursing theorist whose theory, The Theory of Caring, is based upon human caring. Watson’s theory focuses on the centrality of individual caring and on the caring-to-caring transpersonal relationship and its healing probability for not only the care providers but also the patients (Pajnkihar et al., 2017). The key rationale for this theory is to guarantee that humans are not treated as objects, and are not disconnected from their identity, nature, others, and the larger workforce. The theorist was preferred due to her philosophical view of a human being as a fully integrated person. Jean Watson’s theory incorporates several aspects of nursing judgments such as, assessing the situation, creating a plan, developing an intervention and conducting an evaluation (Watson & Woodward, 2020). This organized theory has provided many hospitals with successful nurses, who often excel.
Jean Watson theory is categorized as a grand theory under the same classification as McEwen classification given that it is unique and contends that caring regenerates life energies and potentiates healthcare provider’s capabilities. The theory of caring includes ten curative factors. These include forming a bond, instilling faith, cultivating sensitive to self and others, develop help-trust relationships, promote expressing feelings, teaching, being supportive, along with incorporating gratification that fits the need of a person and allow for a philosophical foundation to combine the science that ties the theory together to distinguish medicine and nursing, that can then become the clinical processes that can support and enhance a patient’s experience (Watson & Woodward, 2020). Some of the curative factors include practicing in love and kindness honors human dignity. According to Watson these interpersonal processes enhance the relationship between the patient and the caregiver.
The nursing profession is highly regarded for its level of professionalism, collaboration and empathy that is seen in providing medical service to patients in need. Watson’s theory was designed to be applicable in nursing practice such that the nurse caring for patients is able to precisely and efficiently evaluate the quality and effectiveness of care being provided by the nurses. Townsend (2020) indicates that Watson’s theory does not focus specifically on clinical care, but rather the level of caring, empathy and respect for human vulnerability. The theory of caring is used to guide nursing students and nursing professionals in modern medicine to deliver patient centered care with indisputable consideration and understanding to advance a voluntary healing environment for patients.
Nursing professionals in the modern healthcare industry are not only required to undergo skilled medical training and education. They must have the drive and desire to help patients in need, otherwise the intention in the care delivered can become (Watson & Woodward, 2020). By using Watson’s theory, healthcare providers will guarantee a quantifiable variable that can be clearly measured, tracked, analyzed and improved upon through the utilization of evidence-based practices (Townsend, 2020). As a result nursing professionals can build upon the principles of caring and compassion to continually improve the care delivered to patients in the communities served.
Patient outcomes could be used to determine the success of the theory’s implementation in different ways. For instance, the theory’s success can be evaluated through assessing the interaction between care providers and patients. If Watson’s theory is included in the practice, healthcare providers will ensure that they treat every patient with compassion and understanding regardless of the patient’s background. As a result, it will assist in reducing healthcare discrimination.
Pajnkihar, M., Štiglic, G., & Vrbnjak, D. (2017). The concept of Watson’s carative factors in nursing and their (dis) harmony with patient satisfaction. PeerJ, 5, e2940. https://peerj.com/articles/2940/
Townsend, C. A. (2020). Concept Analysis of Caring: Jean Watson Philosophy and Science of Caring. Nebraska Nurse, 53(2), 14–15.
Watson, J., & Woodward, T. K. (2020). Jean Watson’s theory of human caring. SAGE Publications Limited. https://d1wqtxts1xzle7.cloudfront.net/40016954/watson.pdf?1447582671=&response-content-disposition=inline%3B+filename%3DWatson.pdf&Expires=1618261123&Signature=Mo3Traug0MCCby~vSjNfqVa48g50OuIUY42LXhB2SHNt~UNCzzne9U65SksM4LT30EJOskDtmVO~sRdzt0EYivm5MnDjwi0g-yzlYVOr5D8t~zsrO59MA-tbmGf6vi9hgz-1cBD65OU2h9llMRvZEbSNCLeDXBB4Pyfn1PpYuTv9O2oHh1xFQhSucwJOVlMu4DDpr1mavlItIQgY6Cmfor7ALGwaZ-Gy40OOGWfuFprHLkwBtG8CSc0IquFxMOo8dELmyAVZXbtEWrGD4mgAEzceTTl1MI0OiIdPunriAxt7v8kQg16NGJzczRm54AiRhcboXH-hiEd-0rjI5UHd5g__&Key-Pair-Id=APKAJLOHF5GGSLRBV4ZA