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  1. Impacts of sociological factors on clients



    Analyze impacts of sociological factors on clients in community work and services  


Subject Sociology Pages 6 Style APA


Case Study Scenarios and Questions

Case Study 1: Marcel’s Scenario

Question 1

The four social institutions relevant to Marcel’s case include economic, educational, family, and religion. Economic institutions accord fundamental material sustenance to the community by addressing the needs of food, shelter, clothing, and essential equipment and assistance. Family is considered the most fundamental social institution in any community (Monti, 2017). It is described as a systematic relationship system including dependable and workable approaches to addressing basic needs (Veale et al., 2017). Education, on the other hand, is the means of socialization, which starts informally at the homestead and then formally in schools. As a social institution, education assists in developing awareness, experience, perspective, and knowledge to become responsible members of society. Religion establishes a collection of opinions regarding the ultimate authority in the universe. It presents a means by which people can withstand pressures and ups and downs in life with strength and resilience.

Question 2

The three social institutions affecting Marcel include family, education, and economics. About family, Marcel’s parents were both alcoholics, and he endured physical, sexual, and emotional abuse during his childhood. His dad kicked him out at 14 years, who later died. Marcel has no contact with his mother and has a fair connection with his elder sister. Regarding education, after being kicked out by his father, he never attended any school from the time he was 14 years.  Economically, according to the case study, Marcel has been jobless for many years. Thus, he is homeless and an addict.


Question 3

According to Veale et al. (2017), cultural factors are larger forces within societies and cultures that influence individuals’ feelings, thoughts, and characters. They often include attitudes, child-rearing practices, ethnic values, race, power, among many others. The two main cultural factors that have influenced Marcel’s status, role, and relationship include family structure and discrimination. Alcohol is a significant factor that destroys a family structure. According to the case study, Marcel’s parents were both alcoholics. Moreover, Marcel felt alone since he was discriminated against for being gay, which made his father kick him out. According to Veale et al. (2017), most youths engage in drugs to overcome their troubles, such as being discriminated against due to race, gender, body shape, among others.

Question 4

The services Marcel needs include rehabilitation to help him overcome his addiction and counseling to boost his self-esteem and work. There are different organizations centered on helping the LGBT overcome abuse and substance use through therapy and counseling in these modern times. The two issues that community services can address include offering Marcel a job where he can keep himself busy and make him a community group championing the fight against addiction. If Marcel attends the community meetings about drug addiction, it will help him meet with others who will assist him overcome his addictions. Moreover, while in the rehabilitation centers, Marcel can learn new productive skills, unlike in the streets, which he can use to get a job in the community.

Question 5

The two primary services that Marcel needs are rehabilitation and counseling. A program that can help Marcel with these services is the RainBow Services Program. This program is comprised of professionals experienced in counseling individuals with issues about alcohol and other drugs. The RainBow Services Program centers on topics related to the LGBT community and its services to ensure it meets the community’s needs.

Case Study 2: Su Lin Scenario

Question 6

According to the case study, the aspects of inequality that have affected Su Lin include uneven access to education and lack of employment equality. The two factors contributing to inequality are gender and low education and skills levels (Monti, 2017). Given that Su Lin left school while she was 15 years, her education level cannot secure her a decent job. Moreover, according to the case study, despite Su Lin’s determination and skills, she is not promoted to supervisor. Instead, a male colleague is given the post due to his education level. Furthermore, Su Lin is asked to leave school to take care of her grandmother and later parents while the boys continue learning. This signifies that gender and level of education have significantly contributed to Su Lin’s situation.

Question 7

According to Zhang et al. (2017), inequality is prevalent in both age and class delamination as both generation levels and cultural classes contrast in their mastery of considered supplies and access to the approaches of obtaining resources. For instance, older adults are disadvantaged in intergenerational connections because of their isolation from labor demands (Monti, 2017). Moreover, aging carries with it different health complication which may prevent older adults from executing their best. Given that Su Lin is old and has developed eyesight issues, she is forced to leave her job and remains jobless for several years. r


Question 8

Su Lin needs financial and emotional support. Regarding her health condition, Su Lin should consider registering for Medicaid and Medicare programs, which will help pay for healthcare costs and receive immediate care (Zhang et al., 2017). Moreover, she should join other programs such as BenefitsCheckup, which offers services ranging from medication and healthcare to tax relief and senior employment.

Question 9

According to the case study, the information I will collect to develop a Su Lin service plan will include inquiring about health cover, employment, health issues, family, and stability. The best program for Su Lin is getting Medicare or Medicaid since it will be essential when she needs medical care. Thus, the support plan will include registering Su Lin to this program and finding the best elderly institution to provide counseling and medical care. Moreover, it will be best to find Su Lin’s elderly group meetings to meet others and share ideas and help her boost her self-esteem.

Question 10

The approaches for monitoring Su Lin’s progress will include evaluating is she attends the elderly meetings and group sessions, assess if she is using her Medicare or Medicaid for health check-ups, and determine if she participates in community elderly activities.

Question 11

She might be failing to attend the sessions because of the young Chinese man due to age differences. Thus, the young Chinese man could be changed with an older Chinese lady. Having a more senior Chinese lady will be easy for Su Lin to express her emotions without the fear of being judged by a younger generation.

Question 12

Due to unemployment Su Lin is forced to remain at home and take care of her elderly parents. If she had a stable job, she would have considered taking the parents to an elderly care setting or employ a nurse. Moreover, due to unemployment, she has failed to provide for her parents. They have become weak, which worries Su Lin resulting in her losing her self-esteem, confidence and developing mental health concerns.




Monti, L. (2017). Generational Divide: A New Model to Measure and Prevent Youth Social and Economic Discrimination. Rev. Eur. Stud.9, 151. https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/rveurost9&div=81&id=&page

Veale, J. F., Peter, T., Travers, R., & Saewyc, E. M. (2017). Enacted stigma, mental health, and protective factors among transgender youth in Canada. Transgender Health2(1), 207-216. https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/trgh.2017.0031

Zhang, W., Feng, Q., Lacanienta, J., & Zhen, Z. (2017). Leisure participation and subjective well-being: Exploring gender differences among elderly in Shanghai, China. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics69, 45-54. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0167494316302394


Rose, J. and Johnson, C., 2020. ‘Contextualizing reliability and validity in qualitative research: toward more rigorous and trustworthy qualitative social science in leisure research’, Journal of Leisure Research, 51, pp. 432 – 451.

Sewdas, R., de Wind, A., van der Zwaan, L. G. et al., 2017. ‘Why older workers work beyond the retirement age: a qualitative study’, BMC Public Health, 17, pp. 672. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4675-z

Virtanen, M., Oksanen, T., Pentti, J., Ervasti, J., Head, J., Stenholm, S., . . . Kivimäki, M., 2017. ‘Occupational class and working beyond the retirement age: A cohort study’, Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 43; 5, 426-435. http://www.jstor.org/stable/26386115


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