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    1. QUESTION

    GVPT100

     

    Introduction to Political Science (Fall 2018 – OL4)

     

    Instructor: Cheryl L. Lampkin

     

    READING COMPREHENSION QUIZ #3: Week 5 and Week 6 Readings

     

    Due: December 9, 2018 (Late quizzes will not be accepted)

     

    Instructions: The quiz must be entered in the quiz function in the course content. You can use this paper version to research and record your answers, then go to the quiz in the course content and transfer your answers. ONLY THE ANSWERS IN THE QUIZ FUNCTION IN THE CLASS WILL BE GRADED. Your answers must be based on the readings/videos assigned for this class. This quiz is worth a total of 100 points.

     

    Week 5 Readings – The State?

     

    Multiple Choice Instructions: Select the one (A, B, C, D or E) answer that best fits the statement. (Worth 5 points each)

     

    1. According to McElroy (1998) the _________ theory attempts to ground the primitive state in historical fact rather than political conjecture.

     

    1. Consent

     

    1. Conquest

     

    1. Contemporary

     

    1. Conceptual

     

    1. None of the above

     

    1. According to Lim (2005) education can be one of the key contributors to offset possible negative consequences of globalization. Lim suggest that the ________________ education system is a good system to emulate as a one that can cultivate societal stability.

     

    1. Japan

     

    1. state of Nebraska

     

    1. state of California

     

    1. Finland

     

    1. South Korea

     

    1. True or False? Instructions: Answer whether the statement is True or False (worth 5 points). Then provide at least three sentences explaining why the answer is true or false (worth 5 points). (worth a total of 10 points)

     

    Statement: According to Professor Steven Smith (Lecture #15, 2006), from John Locke’s point of view the state of nature is not a political condition.

     

    Write T/F answer below (Remember, first write whether the statement is true or false.):

     

    1. True or False? Instructions: Answer whether the statement is True or False (worth 5 points). Then provide at least three sentences explaining why the answer is true or false (worth 5 points). (worth a total of 10 points)

     

    Statement: Professor Steven Smith (Lecture #17, 2006) suggests that Locke believed that with any form of governance, laws could not cover every possible situation so certain parts of the government should have the power to act according to discretion for the public good.

     

    Write T/F answer below (Remember, first write whether the statement is true or false.):

     

    1. Short Essay Instructions: Please select ONE of the two essay questions below. Write a short essay response (minimum 200 words) to the selected essay question. Write a formal essay. The essay must include an introduction, body and conclusion. Be sure to make it clear which question you are answering. Note: your essay must be based on the reading described; however, you can augment your discussion with information from other readings and research. If you use additional readings and research, you must include citation and complete references. (worth 20 points)

     

    SHORT ESSAY #1: In Lecture #16 (2006), Professor Steven Smith states that the “internal problem within Locke’s Doctrine of Consent” is a question of “what form of government does it make sense for a majority of people to consent to.” Discuss this statement as it relates to Lincoln’s Peoria Speech.

     

    Link to Lincoln’s Peoria Speech: ( HYPERLINK “http://www.nps.gov/liho/historyculture/peoriaspeech.htm” http://www.nps.gov/liho/historyculture/peoriaspeech.htm).

     

    SHORT ESSAY #2: Define and discuss the culturalist approach to states as outlined by Lim (2005).

     

    Write essay below:

     

    —————////////////////————–

     

    Week 6 Political Institutions

     

    Multiple Choice Instructions: Select the one (A, B, C, D or E) answer that best fits the statement. Underline the correct the answer. (worth 5 points each)

     

    1. According to Nickinovich (2006, “Bureaucracy”), ________ contended that traditional authority structures have been, and will continue to be, replaced by the rational–legal authority structures of modern bureaucracies.

     

    1. Lincoln

     

    1. Aristotle

     

    1. Weber

     

    1. Kennedy

     

    1. None of these

     

    1. According to Gerring, Thacker and Moreno (“Are Parliamentary Systems Better?”), parliamentary systems _________; presidential systems _______.

     

    1. are decisive, are resolute

     

    1. are resolute, are decisive

     

    1. are decentralized in decision-making; are centralized in decision-making

     

    1. have more party aligned interest groups; have less centralized interest groups

     

    1. None of these

     

    1. True or False? Instructions: Answer whether the statement is True or False (worth 5 points). Then provide at least three sentences explaining why the answer is true or false (worth 5 points). (worth a total of 10 points)

     

    Statement: Reference reading: Watson (2008 ) “Judiciary.” Studies of judicial behavior, primarily of justices on the U.S. Supreme Court, have persuasively demonstrated that judicial decisions are affected to some extent by ideological concerns.

     

    Write T/F answer below (Remember, first write whether the statement is true or false.):

     

    1. True or False? Instructions: Answer whether the statement is True or False (worth 5 points). Then provide at least three sentences explaining why the answer is true or false (worth 5 points). (worth a total of 10 points)

     

    Statement: According to Boeckenfoerde, Dann and Wiesner (2007), the European Union (EU) is still considered a confederation.

     

    Write T/F answer below (Remember, first write whether the statement is true or false.):

     

    1. Short Essay Instructions: Please select ONE of the two essay questions below. Write a short essay response (minimum 200 words) to the selected essay question. Write a formal essay. The essay must include an introduction, body and conclusion. Be sure to make it clear which question you are answering. Note: your essay must be based on the reading described; however, you can augment your discussion with information from other readings and research. If you use additional readings and research, you must include citation and complete references. (worth 20 points)

     

    SHORT ESSAY #1: Discus why Blick and Jones (2010) suggest “…Prime Ministers should not blindly accept claims that the office is becoming ever more dominant or presidential.” Include in your discussion whether you agree or disagree with this recommendation and why.

     

    SHORT ESSAY #2: Gerring, Thacker and Moreno (“Are Parliamentary Systems Better”) suggest which system functions a “coordination device?” Why do they come to that conclusion? According to the authors, does functions a “coordination device?” make the system a better than the other? Do you agree or disagree? Please explain your answer.

 

Subject Essay  Writing Pages 13 Style APA

Answer

Week 5 Readings – The State?

 

Multiple Choice Instructions: Select the one (A, B, C, D or E) answer that best fits the statement. (Worth 5 points each)

  1. According to McElroy (1998) the conquest theory attempts to ground the primitive state in historical fact rather than political conjecture.

 

  1. Consent
  2. Conquest
  3. Contemporary
  4. Conceptual
  5. None of the above

 

Answer: B

 

  1. According to Lim (2005) education can be one of the key contributors to offset possible negative consequences of globalization. Lim suggest that the Finland education system is a good system to emulate as a one that can cultivate societal stability.

 

  1. Japan
  2. state of Nebraska
  3. state of California
  4. Finland
  5. South Korea

 

Answer: D

 

  1. True or False? Instructions: Answer whether the statement is True or False (worth 5 points). Then provide at least three sentences explaining why the answer is true or false (worth 5 points). (worth a total of 10 points)

 

Statement: According to Professor Steven Smith (Lecture #15, 2006), from John Locke’s point of view the state of nature is not a political condition.

 

Write T/F answer below (Remember, first write whether the statement is true or false.):

 

Answer:

 

False

 

Explanation:

 

According to Locke, the state of nature is such that all men are at liberty to act in whichever way they wish and dispose of their possessions as they may deem necessary, provided they do not harm other persons. As such, this law can be conceptualized as a political condition because men have to act within its boundaries. In other words, Locke asserts that in a bid to preserve mankind as much as possible, all men have to act in such a manner that they do not harm one another; they have a duty to obey the law of nature. Thus, the state of nature is a political condition because it demand that men act in a certain manner.

 

 

 

 

  1. True or False? Instructions: Answer whether the statement is True or False (worth 5 points). Then provide at least three sentences explaining why the answer is true or false (worth 5 points). (worth a total of 10 points)

 

Statement:  Professor Steven Smith (Lecture #17, 2006) suggests that Locke believed that with any form of governance, laws could not cover every possible situation so certain parts of the government should have the power to act according to discretion for the public good.

 

Write T/F answer below (Remember, first write whether the statement is true or false.):

 

Answer:

 

True

 

Explanation:

 

This statement is true especially weighing it in the context of Locke’s concept of extemporary arbitrary decrees where decisions and actions by the government would be arbitrary and extemporary because there is no notice of them, neither have they been captured in law. Locke insists such actions should not be oppressive; rather they ought to be aimed at achieving greater public good in the end.  Therefore, the unpredictability of situations gives the government the freedom to act according to discretion for the public good, for it is from the public that such a government has derived its power (to protect them and their property). Importantly, some situations might not be covered in law, subsequent government action has to be in accordance with the Rule of Law, therefore generally accepted norms.

 

 

 

  1. Short Essay Instructions: Please select ONE of the two essay questions below. Write a short essay response (minimum 200 words) to the selected essay question. Write a formal essay. The essay must include an introduction, body and conclusion. Be sure to make it clear which question you are answering. Note: your essay must be based on the reading described; however, you can augment your discussion with information from other readings and research. If you use additional readings and research, you must include citation and complete references. (worth 20 points)

 

SHORT ESSAY #1: In Lecture #16 (2006), Professor Steven Smith states that the “internal problem within Locke’s Doctrine of Consent” is a question of “what form of government does it make sense for a majority of people to consent to.” Discuss this statement as it relates to Lincoln’s Peoria Speech.

 

Link to Lincoln’s Peoria Speech: (http://www.nps.gov/liho/historyculture/peoriaspeech.htm).

 

SHORT ESSAY #2: Define and discuss the culturalist approach to states as outlined by Lim (2005).

 

Write essay below:

 

SHORT ESSAY #1

 

Locke’s Doctrine of Consent and Lincoln’s Peoria Speech

 

Locke’s presentations on the notions of governance and democracy have found wide application in many places around the globe. This paper discusses how Locke’s Doctrine of Consent relates with Lincoln’s Peoria Speech.

In the Peoria speech, Lincoln made clear his objection to the Kansas-Nebraska Act by criticizing popular sovereignty (Neely, 1982). He presented his disagreement with assertions that geography and climate could work to the effect of keeping slavery out of Nebraska and Kansas. Additionally, he attacked slavery and questioned its morality. He argued that slaves were people who enjoyed certain natural rights that no one could not take away; slaves were not animals. He further stressed his personal belief that all men are created equal and none has any right to make another a slave. This speech relates well with the statement that the “internal problem within Locke’s Doctrine of Consent” is a question of what form of government does it make sense for a majority of the people to consent to.” While Locke does not seem to concern himself much with democracy, his focus is more on the kind of government that is created, for a legitimate government ought to be one that satisfies the tenets of the natural law. However,the philosopher is of the view that democracy does not satisfactorily satisfy such tenets/principles, especially in the context of large populations. In his view, it is imperative that individual exercise their rights, including that of consenting to be governed. Here, the idea is that while no sane person can freely consent (or allow) to have his or her rights violated, the notion of democracy creates conditions that make it easier for the majority to impose laws on the minority in society, even when the minority does not consent to such (laws).

In conclusion, a curious tension is noted in Locke’s doctrine of consent, for it is not possible to create perfect laws that everyone in society can consent to. There always has to be that minority in society whose views will be at odds with the views of the majority. In his speech, Lincoln was more concerned with the rights of slaves so he argued against slavery, questioning how the idea of popular sovereignty could be purported to supersede the Missouri Compromise and the Northwest Ordinance. Locke and Lincoln would, in this case, be seen to be rooting for some democratic principles where even the rights of the minority are taken care of, particularly that of having them consent to be governed. There could be no better way for the government to operate within the principles of natural law.

 

 

References

Neely, M. E. (1982). The Abraham Lincoln Encyclopedia. New York: Da Capo Press, Inc.

 

 

 

—————////////////////————–

 

Week 6 Political Institutions

 

Multiple Choice Instructions: Select the one (A, B, C, D or E) answer that best fits the statement. Underline the correct the answer. (worth 5 points each)

  1. According to Nickinovich (2006, “Bureaucracy”), Weber contended that traditional authority structures have been, and will continue to be, replaced by the rational–legal authority structures of modern bureaucracies.

 

  1. Lincoln
  2. Aristotle
  3. Weber
  4. Kennedy
  5. None of these

 

Answer: C

 

  1. According to Gerring, Thacker and Moreno (“Are Parliamentary Systems Better?”), parliamentary systems are decisive ; presidential systems are resolute.

 

  1. are decisive, are resolute
  2. are resolute, are decisive
  3. are decentralized in decision-making; are centralized in decision-making
  4. have more party aligned interest groups; have less centralized interest groups
  5. None of these

 

Answer: A

 

  1. True or False? Instructions: Answer whether the statement is True or False (worth 5 points). Then provide at least three sentences explaining why the answer is true or false (worth 5 points). (worth a total of 10 points)

 

Statement:  Reference reading: Watson (2008 ) “Judiciary.” Studies of judicial behavior, primarily of justices on the U.S. Supreme Court, have persuasively demonstrated that judicial decisions are affected to some extent by ideological concerns.

 

Write T/F answer below (Remember, first write whether the statement is true or false.):

 

Answer:

 

True

 

Explanation:

 

This statement is true especially considering the fact that constitutional law, upon which judicial decisions are based, is political. More often than not, constitutional law results from government concerns, so that philosophical political views on issues surrounding property and liberty take center stage. As such, it goes without saying that when judicial institutions handle issues related to social policy, the decisions they make shape the law, in a political manner. Notably, the political aspect must have an ideological aspect because politics is a matter of ideology. Additionally, as those who aoccupy political office get there based on their ideology, it is highly likely that while measures like tenure of life have been put in place to protect judicial officers (more accurately justices), there is no guarantee that these officers will not be keen to make decisions that will not disappoint the politically powerful.  After all, high politics is a matter of ideological policymaking so that the law is made flexible as to respond to ever-changing extralegal circumstances, opinions, and circumstances.

 

 

 

  1. True or False? Instructions: Answer whether the statement is True or False (worth 5 points). Then provide at least three sentences explaining why the answer is true or false (worth 5 points). (worth a total of 10 points)

 

Statement: According to Boeckenfoerde, Dann and Wiesner (2007), the European Union (EU) is still considered a confederation.

 

 

Write T/F answer below (Remember, first write whether the statement is true or false.):

 

Answer:

 

True

 

Explanation:

Examining the political events in the European stage (in the context of the EU), the EU is noted to be evolving into a new political entity, which can still be considered a confederation (as opposed to a federation). The extent and nature of cooperation, collaboration, and approaches to critical issues among EU states perfectly makes the political unit a confederation. Besides, member states still enjoy their sovereign and they can withdraw any time they like by following established procedures, as was the case with Brexit. The nature of inter-state agreements witnessed in the European stage leaves no doubt that the EU is still a confederation.

 

 

 

 

  1. Short Essay Instructions: Please select ONE of the two essay questions below. Write a short essay response (minimum 200 words) to the selected essay question. Write a formal essay. The essay must include an introduction, body and conclusion. Be sure to make it clear which question you are answering. Note: your essay must be based on the reading described; however, you can augment your discussion with information from other readings and research. If you use additional readings and research, you must include citation and complete references. (worth 20 points)

 

SHORT ESSAY #1: Discus why Blick and Jones (2010) suggest “…Prime Ministers should not blindly accept claims that the office is becoming ever more dominant or presidential.” Include in your discussion whether you agree or disagree with this recommendation and why.

 

SHORT ESSAY #2: Gerring, Thacker and Moreno (“Are Parliamentary Systems Better”) suggest which system functions a “coordination device?” Why do they come to that conclusion? According to the authors, does functions a “coordination device?” make the system a better than the other? Do you agree or disagree? Please explain your answer.

 

Write essay below:

 

SHORT ESSAY#2

 

Gerring et al. (2009) on Parliamentary Systems

 

Gerring et al. (2009) explore the institutional differences between presidential and parliamentary systems, yet again giving insight into which of the two is arguably better. Offering numerous reasons, they infer that parliamentary systems are better than presidential ones. This paper explores their argument on the concept of a “coordination device” and explains why it is thought they are right in their argument.

In their argument, the authors present that the parliamentary system functions better as a “coordination device”, for indeed it is more reliable as far as public policy formulation is concerned. They draw this conclusion based on reasons encountered in pertinent literature. These reasons revolve around the system’s capacity to offer better governance through “stronger political parties, corporatist interest organization, tighter principal– agent relationships within the various arms of the bureaucracy, centralized (national-level) electoral accountability, the capacity for flexible policy making, a more institutionalized political sphere, and decisive leadership” (Gerring et al., 2009: p. 353). As it were, the capability of the system in this regard results out of the fact that it takes into account multiple views when seeking solutions to societal issues. Indeed,  a parliamentary system acts as a better coordination device because it brings together multiple actors with multiples views and approaches to solving societal problems.

I agree with the authors’ on their current point because a parliamentary system offers room for wider participation, a development that is likely to explore problems from multiple perspectives and offer multiple alternatives on how to solve them. This is in contrast a presidential system where there  are usually limited discussion and participation on how to tackle societal problems.

In conclusion, Gerring and colleagues (2009) argue in favor of a parliamentary system, asserting that it acts as a better “coordination device” in the context of public policy. True as it were, the system allows wider participation and coordination when seeking solutions to societal issues. The authors could not be more correct.

 

References

Gerring, J., Thacker, S..C., & Moreno, C. (2009). Are parliamentary systems better? Comparative Political Studies, 42(3) 327-359.

References

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