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    With the construction of the 10 Strategic Points for your dissertation study, you began to draft the literature review (Point 2) of the study to illuminate an identified gap in the literature to be filled by your dissertation study. While the literature review ultimately requires more than simply summarizing studies in some logical order, summarizing and paraphrasing are the beginning points of a solid literature review. In this assignment, you will summarize several studies from Point 2 (Literature Review) of your 10 Strategic Points document and the references to studies related to your dissertation topic that you added to the Literature Review Resources assignment in the final week of RES-850. From those summaries, you will describe how the studies form the gap that your dissertation will fill. Remember, to illuminate a gap in the research, the articles surveyed must have been published within the last 5 years

    General Requirements:

    Use the following information to ensure successful completion of the assignment:

    Refer to the draft of the 10 Strategic Points that you developed for your dissertation study in Topic 5 of RES-850. You may also use a more recent version of this document if one is available.
    Refer to the list of 10 references to studies related to your dissertation topic that you added to the Literature Review Resources assignment in the final week of RES-850.
    Instructors will be using a grading rubric to grade the assignments. It is recommended that learners review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment in order to become familiar with the assignment criteria and expectations for successful completion of the assignment.
    Doctoral learners are required to use APA style for their writing assignments. The APA Style Guide is located in the Student Success Center.

    Locate the draft of the 10 Strategic Points from Topic 5 of RES-850 (or a more recent version if one is available) and the 10 references to studies that you added to the Literature Review Resources assignment in the final topic of RES-850.

    Choose five articles from your draft of the 10 Strategic Points and 5 articles from those you added to the Literature Review Resources assignment in the final week of RES-850. The articles you choose must have been published within the last 5 years.

    Write a narrative (3,750-4,000 words) that summarizes the important information about the 10 articles you selected and describes how the studies form the research gap that your dissertation will fill. Your narrative should include the following:

    A summary of the key points of each article (purpose, research method, research design, sample, data collection instrument, results).
    A description of how these studies individually lead to the research gap that your dissertation study will fill.


Subject Article Analysis Pages 5 Style APA


Literature Review, Gap, and Strategic Points

The issue of work taking over the lives of employees is a major challenge in the current dynamic working environment. Rao and Indla (2010) noted that if people do not guard themselves against the work-life imbalance, there is a likely upsurge in the work-family conflicts. With quality time of the families getting invaded by the internet and media omnipresence, Reddy et al. (2010) nominate that work-family conflict (WFC) and family-work conflict (FWC) are likely to escalate and have major negative impacts on the families particularly those in non-family duty station. Among the aspects identified as antecedents to FWC and WFC include social support, children age and work hours (Powell, 2014). While identifying the effects of work-life balance in major global organizations and away from families, Reddy et al. (2010) postulate that married women are majorly affected by psychological well-being and distress.

Wiesenthal and Rößler (2015), while evaluating some of the challenges associated with international organizations such as UN, hypothesize that psychological stress is the leading concern which emanates from a number of issues including working away from families in restrictive stations. Although these organizations have employed effective strategies to improve work-life balance related issues such as lengthy holidays and having counselors to assist the stressed individuals, there is still need to consider more effective strategies that will reduce the related psychological challenges. Sheppard (2016) points out that it is important to understand the relationship between work-life balance and the employee performance as a result of the increased stress while working at home. Snarberg (2011) reiterates that some of the work-related issues while working in distant restrictive areas include family issues that result in stress. Although these studies evaluate the issue of work-life balance, a major gap is how children are affected as a result of married women working away from the family in non-family duty stations and how these issues can be addressed which inform this research.

Strategic Points



Broad topic area

Social welfare

Literature review

Working away from home has major challenges including stress and family-work issues. The internet is taking over quality family time. Although organizations are increasing the length of holidays, more research is imperative on how the family members of these individuals are affected and especially the children when their parents work in non-family duty stations.

Problem statement

Despite the international organizations increasing the length of holidays for individuals working away from their families and having counselors to assist in mitigating stress, the impact of work-life imbalance on children remains under evaluated.

Research questions

1.      What challenges do UN workers’ children face as a result of poor work-life imbalance while working in non-family duty stations?

2.      What are some of the strategies that the UN can use to enhance parenting and interaction strategies for their employees working in non-family duty stations?


100 employees (50 male and female) that have families, work away from them, and are in restrictive areas.


Mixed methodology

Hypothesis 1: UN employees’ children are greatly affected by imbalanced work-life for workers away from their families and in non-family duty stations.

Hypothesis 2: Advanced communication technologies are important in virtual interaction of the parent and their children thus enhancing their psychological welfare.


Workers fill an online survey with a questionnaire on issues affecting their children.

Workers are interviewed on how to enhance their parenting abilities and interaction with their children

Purpose statement

To evaluate the challenges affecting children of UN employees working away from their families and in non-family duty stations and how these challenges can be mitigated

Data collection approach

Online questionnaire and interviews

Data analysis approach

SPSS and transcription


Powell, K. (2014). Work-life balance: Kid-friendly digs. Nature513(7519), 575-577. Retrieved from http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v513/n7519/full/nj7519-575a.html

Rao, T. S., & Indla, V. (2010). Work, family or personal life: Why not all three?. Indian journal of psychiatry52(4), 295. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3025152/

Reddy, N. K., Vranda, M. N., Ahmed, A., Nirmala, B. P., & Siddaramu, B. (2010). Work-Life Balance among Married Women Employees. Indian journal of psychological medicine32(2), 112. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3122548/

Sheppard, G. (2016). Work-life balance programs to improve employee performance (Doctoral dissertation, Walden University). Retrieved from http://scholarworks.waldenu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3161&context=dissertations

Snarberg, H. (2011). The relevance of reinforcing strategic stress management and welfare programs in UN peacekeeping operations. Retrieved from http://www.diva-portal.se/smash/get/diva2:830235/FULLTEXT01.pdf

Wiesenthal, C., & Rößler, M. (2015). Stress Management in Peace Operations. Retrieved from http://www.zif-berlin.org/fileadmin/uploads/analyse/dokumente/veroeffentlichungen/ZIF_Study_Stress_Management_August_2015_ENG.pdf


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