{br} STUCK with your assignment? {br} When is it due? {br} Get FREE assistance. Page Title: {title}{br} Page URL: {url}
UK: +44 748 007-0908, USA: +1 917 810-5386 [email protected]
    Hello everyone, this week’s task is continuation of the previous one: 866562, and so it will be during the 8 weeks of this subject called Research. Thanks for the compression and time.
    .Week 2 Research Proposal Literature Review (Rough Draft)

    Literature Review Rough Draft
    The literature review is one of the most important components, and often the most time consuming part, of a good research proposal. Without the solid foundation of a good literature review, it is difficult to make a strong research proposal.
    This week, you will work to develop a rough draft of your literature review. You will continue to develop the literature review next week based on feedback provided by your instructor. Then in week 7, you will submit a well-polished literature review as part of your final research proposal.
    The following requirements should be met in your literature review:
    • Include a minimum of six scholarly sources
    • Organize in logical sections
    • Include an overview of the literature
    • Be unbiased in your presentation of information
    • Include sources and content relevant to your research questions and hypothesis; state the relevance in your literature review
    • Include a critical assessment of the sources. Do not simply include a summary of what you have read
    • A strong introduction and conclusion, including further questions for research
    • Proper APA formatting, citations, and references
    Keep in mind that this is a rough draft, so the literature review does not need to be perfect. However, you should still submit a literature review with proper APA formatting, correct spelling, punctuation, and grammar that meets all of the specifications of the assignment listed above. You will then receive feedback from your instructor and continue to do more research, and modify and improve your current literature review.

    Points Possible: 100
    Sources Points Range: 8.3 (8.30%) – 10 (10.00%)
    A minimum of 6 scholarly sources are included and are appropriate for the topic at hand
    Introduction and Conclusion Points Range: 12.45 (12.45%) – 15 (15.00%)
    A strong introduction and conclusion are included that appropriately introduce the topic and conclude the literature review.
    Literature Review Points Range: 53.95 (53.95%) – 65 (65.00%)
    A comprehensive analysis of the data (with in-text APA citations as needed) is presented. A complete, detailed review of the validity of the data and the findings is presented. A clear and thorough assessment of the relevance of the source in addressing your research area is presented. Your unique contribution is clearly identified. Ideas not addressed, gaps in the data or analysis, or new problems that emerge from your review of the literature are well identified.
    APA & Mechanics Points Range: 8.3 (8.30%) – 10 (10.00%)
    The assignment consistently follows current APA format and is free from errors in formatting, citation, and references. There are no grammatical, spelling, or punctuation errors. All sources are cited and referenced correctly.


Subject Nursing Pages 3 Style APA


Literature Review on Patients’ Perception and Attitude in Obesity Management

                One of the recognized risk factors for chronic conditions is obesity. According to Sturgiss, Elmitt, Haelser, van Weel, and Douglas (2018), the condition is comorbid with other disorders including cardiovascular, depression, and diabetes. Managing obesity is, therefore, identified as a profound measure in preventing these conditions. The management strategies are categorized into three. These include pharmacological, nonpharmacological, and surgery. According to Kennedy, Kennedy, Sarpong, and Katzmarzyk (2016), the management approach is dependent on various factors including the patient’s BMI, other health conditions, and response to medication. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), non-pharmacological management approaches, which mainly involve behavioural change, are the most effective since they also enhance the individual’s overall health. An apparent factor, however, that plays a role in the effectiveness of the management is the individual’s involvement in implementing the management plan.

This literature review, therefore, is centred on how the attitude and perception of obese patients on treatment approach influences their selection and implementation of the management plan. Included in the literature review is the theoretical framework and analysis of different sources related to the topic. Notably, the sources selected were published within the last six years. The literature review is based on the PICOT question: For obese patients between 40-50 years (P), how does their perception and attitude towards lifestyle modification (I) compare to medication (C) in selecting and implementing the management plan for significant outcomes such as weight loss and enhanced quality of life (O) over three months (T)?



Theoretical Framework

                The conceptual framework for this literature review is informed by two main terms; perception and attitude. According to Seah, Tham, Kamaruzaman, and Yobas (2018), the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) is profound in examining the reasons behind an individual’s actions. These authors further espouse that the TPB is used in predicting one’s behaviours that the person is able to decide whether to exhibit or not. There are three variables in this theory which include attitudes, perceived behavioural control, and subjective norms. Notably, these variables have significant influence on one’s intention. Han (2015) note that behavioural intention can also be influenced by beliefs, experience, and social interactions. The importance of this theory in the literature review is relating to the selection of a treatment or management plan for obesity and its implementation. In line with the research aims and objectives, TPB theory will also be used in examining the most preferred management approach and establish whether nurses have a role in the individual’s adoption of a particular treatment approach.

Obesity Management Strategies

                The United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF), through its recommendation statement of 2018, noted that weight loss is the foundation of managing obesity. As noted by Yanovski (2018), weight loss interventions adequately address the mortality and morbidity associated with obesity and especially for patients with a BMI of above 30. Lanoye, Gorin, and LaRose (2016), in an examination of perceptions and attitudes of managing obesity, support the weight loss factor and adds that behavioural management is critical in weight management. The demographic factors, according to these authors, demonstrate that young adults between 18-35 years are the most affected by the condition based on their engagement in poor behaviours such as unhealthy eating and lack of exercises. Considering the pharmacological management of the condition, it is recommended for use in particular situations where the physician will prescribe weight loss medication (Granara, 2017). However, the effectiveness of these medications cannot be realized if the patient does adopt behavioural management strategies.

Drawing from this section on obesity management, it is apparent that there are different approaches which further include gastric bypass surgery in adverse obesity condition. This introduces the holistic management strategies which combine the pharmacological and behavioural management strategies. Lanoye et al. (2016) argue that the individual’s attitude plays a central role in implementing the management approach. The assertion that behavioural management is the most effective is centred on the healthcare providers’ selection and knowledge, but not that of patients. This research will, therefore, establish the perception and attitude of patients towards the medication and lifestyle modification management strategies.

Perception and Attitude in Influencing Obesity Management

                Although obesity prevalence and awareness remain high globally, consistent and appropriate management approaches are variable. This is asserted by Granara (2017) who notes that for individuals screened and noted to have a BMI of above 30 kg/m3, they should be referred to multicomponent and intensive behavioural interventions. What these authors imply is that the management of obesity is not successful among all populations as a result of different factors including one’s perception and commitment to implementing the interventions. This is asserted by Bucher Della Torre, Courvoisier, Saldarriaga, Martin, and Farpour-Lambert (2018), who note that the inefficiency in obesity management is based on the lack of skills and competence among the healthcare providers as well as patient’s perception and attitude of the treatment approach. In behavioural management, the influence of attitude and perception is centred on the bias and stigma that these patients face from the society which negatively impacts their motivation to adopt the recommended management approaches (Fruh, Nadglowski, Hall, Davis, Crook, & Zlomke, 2016).

Despite the presentation of various factors hindering the comprehensive management of obesity among adults, it is not established which strategy is the most effective between lifestyle modification and medication according to the patients and how the perception and attitude of the patient influence the adoption of the treatment approach. In addition, it is not established whether nurses have influence on the patient’s selection and implementation of the management approach which is part of the objectives of this study.

In summary, obesity remains a critical condition among adults. Despite the development of various management strategies, the elimination of the condition is not effective, and several factors play a role such as skills and competence of the healthcare providers and the perception of the patients. Drawing from literature, it is apparent that the attitude and perception of the patients towards medication and lifestyle modification remains under evaluated as well as the role of nurses in influencing the selection of the treatment which is among the objectives of this research.




Bucher Della Torre, S., Courvoisier, D. S., Saldarriaga, A., Martin, X. E., & Farpour‐Lambert, N. J. (2018). Knowledge, attitudes, representations and declared practices of nurses and physicians about obesity in a university hospital: training is essential. Clinical Obesity8(2), 122-130.

CDC (2018). Adult Overweight and Obesity. Retrieved January 8, 2019, from https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/adult/causes.html

Fruh, S. M., Nadglowski, J., Hall, H. R., Davis, S. L., Crook, E. D., & Zlomke, K. (2016). Obesity stigma and bias. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners12(7), 425-432.

Granara, B. (2017), Provider Attitudes and Practice Patterns of Obesity Management with Pharmacotherapy. Graduate College Dissertations and Theses. Paper 666.

Han, H. (2015). Travellers’ pro-environmental behaviour in a green lodging context: Converging value-belief-norm theory and the theory of planned behaviour. Tourism Management47, 164-177.

Kennedy, B. M., Kennedy, K. B., Sarpong, D. F., & Katzmarzyk, P. T. (2016). Perceptions of obesity treatment options among healthcare providers and low-income primary care patients. The Ochsner Journal16(2), 158-165.

Lanoye, A., Gorin, A. A., & LaRose, J. G. (2016). Young adults’ attitudes and perceptions of obesity and weight management: Implications for treatment development. Current obesity reports5(1), 14-22.

Seah, X. Y., Tham, X. C., Kamaruzaman, N. R., & Yobas, P. K. (2018). Nurses’ perception of knowledge, attitudes and reported practice towards patients with eating disorders: A concurrent mixed-methods study. Archives of psychiatric nursing32(1), 133-151.

Sturgiss, E. A., Elmitt, N., Haelser, E., van Weel, C., & Douglas, K. A. (2018). Role of the family doctor in the management of adults with obesity: a scoping review. BMJ Open8(2), e019367.

Yanovski, S. Z. (2018). Weight Management in Adults With Obesity: What Is a Primary Care Clinician to Do? JAMA320(11), 1111-1113.













Appendix A:

Communication Plan for an Inpatient Unit to Evaluate the Impact of Transformational Leadership Style Compared to Other Leader Styles such as Bureaucratic and Laissez-Faire Leadership in Nurse Engagement, Retention, and Team Member Satisfaction Over the Course of One Year

Related Samples

WeCreativez WhatsApp Support
Our customer support team is here to answer your questions. Ask us anything!
👋 Hi, how can I help?