Discuss the value of a practitioner, coach, teacher’s ability to observe and appreciate the learner’s stage of learning. What are some of the possible identifying characteristics that distinguish different stages of learning?
time that he/she needs to hit it. This process is costly since it is associated with a high error potential. For instance, if the predictability movement time was decreased for the player, an error in establishing the right time to move the limb to hit the ball would be noted. Turner and Rindova (2018) explain, that this downside is noted since the motion times are defined by short durations and cannot be changed while responding to the stimuli evident during the movement of the ball and the limb.
The major benefit noted with the use of predictability in the football activity is the reduction in the timing error. Apparently, with predictability, timing does not deteriorate with exceptionally fast and forceful movements initiated when playing football unlike in the case of the “commonsense” notion. Vicario Makris and Urgesi (2017) support this statement by reporting that no absolute error among movements in varied lengths of time when playing the game.
Turner, S. F., & Rindova, V. P. (2018). Watching the Clock: Action Timing, Patterning, and Routine Performance. Academy of Management Journal, 61(4), 1253–1280.
Vicario, C., Makris, S., & Urgesi, C. (2017). Do experts see it in slow motion? Altered timing of action simulation uncovers domain-specific perceptual processing in expert athletes. Psychological Research, 81(6), 1201–1212.
Wöllner, C., & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2010). Keeping an eye on the violinist: motor experts show superior timing consistency in a visual perception task. Psychological Research, 74(6), 579–585.