In what ways does the “New Imperialism” differ from earlier forms? Be sure to discuss at least two examples of the “New Imperialism” from your readings and/or other class material.
Using your OWN WORDS and ONLY material from this class–please write at least 3-4 substantial paragraphs
Old Imperialism vs. New Imperialism
New imperialism is characterized by an era of colonial expansion by Western European colonies, Japan, Russia, and the United States during both the 19th and the 20th centuries. This analogy was triggered by the urgency of expanding territorial boundaries. Despite having rather similar characteristics with old imperialism, the latter began in 1096 and remained in operation until the mid-19th century. Another difference is that New Imperialism triggered the industrial revolution while old imperialism influenced commercial revolutions.
While new imperialism focused on satisfying economic objectives, old imperialism was driven by the 3G’s- Gold”, “Glory”, and “God”. After the discovery of America, Christopher Columbus was intently rewarded with gold. Respectively, the explorers and their nations were glorified for their endeavors. Lastly, the European countries such as Spain and Britain who endorsed old imperialism believed in spreading Christianity around the world. The basic idea behind this analogy was that it was okay for European countries to dominate different parts of the world because they were saving lives by introducing Christianity.
Another difference is that under new imperialism, colonies ruled smaller sections. Countries like France and Belgium used the policy of assimilation and paternalism, whereas Britain utilized an indirect rule system. Relatively, these forms of governance led to the rise in racial prejudice. On the other hand, the colonizers under old imperialism controlled significant geographical areas. In most cases, the colonizers such as Spain controlled people by subjecting them to forced labor. However, others were relatively lenient such as Britain who established a policy of limited self-rule.
Conclusively, despite having similar initiatives, such as being shaped by elite political units or using the authoritarian method in maintaining peace, new imperialism and old imperialism have significant differences. For example, the new imperialism was witnessed during the 19th and 20th century whereas old imperialism started in 1096 and ended in the mid-19th century. Also, the new imperialism was driven by economic forces while old imperialism aimed to establish the 3G’s- “Gold”, “Glory”, and “God”. Lastly, the colonizers during new imperialism controlled small areas whereas in old imperialism these nations controlled large geographical areas.