Paradoxes of War
provide an essay on the subject on the human aspect of war. Is it part of the human genome to go to war? Why do we try to solve issues by engaging in war
War is mainly characterized by massive violence and hostility using armed forces. Some scholars view war as the global and ancestral nature of humankind, and others argue that war arises from social, economic, and cultural reasons. Wars cause attainment of territories, reputation and results in deaths and destruction of a country’s economy. Humans are genetically susceptible to war as our bodies react by releasing hormones when we sense danger preparing us to react by fighting the attacker or fleeing.
A research carried out by primatologist Jane Goodall in Gombe Tanzania on examining genocidal chimpanzees showed that human closest relatives “The Chimpanzees” engaged in warfare and coalitional killing, thus proving that aggressiveness and tendencies of humankind to form coalitions and attacking outsiders were inherited characters (Bellamy, 2019).
In Barbara Ehrenreich’s book of “Blood Rites,” she outlines that humankind developed the fight and the flight senses and capabilities to group together to fight off common enemies (Bellamy, 2019). These psychological barriers for warfare were improved through many years of evolutionary experience in surviving with predators and competition for scarce resources until they became an inherent tendency, making humans liable to competition and aggressiveness.
Neuroscientist R. Douglas Fields, in his book “why We Snap,” outlines that humans have a neuro circuit of violence that blows up when they are angry, and hostility is located below the cerebral cortex where consciousness emerges; thus, humans are evolutionally and inherently susceptible to snap in deadly hostility (Debes, 2019).
People mostly solve their issues with war because it helps develop a sense of unity among the society when faced with a common threat. It also brings the larger community together as the community has a common goal to act honorably and selfless for the common good.
Wars also enable the expression of human characters dormant in normal life, such as bravery and self-sacrifice, thus significant to an individual’s life and overcoming the monotony of their daily activities. Many people engage in wars to show they are brave so that they are recognized by society.
Humans are still being affected by the inherited genes from their ancestors. These genes make humans likely to solve their conflicts with war whenever provoked. The hormones are released and make humans violent. Evolutionary psychology also tries to explain these genes and outlines that it is natural for people to engage in war as they are made up of selfish genes which are reproduced; thus, people tend to hold resources that assist them to survive in their environment; thus tend to fight other people who try to take over these scarce resources.
Human beings also engage in wars because they find pleasure in doing so. Many people seek the sense of being alive, which they associate with engaging in wars. Others enjoy solving their issues with war as they can gain wealth and power by attacking other communities and taking their properties; thus, humans need to find other ways to satisfy their desires.
Men are also likely to solve their issues with wars due to their aggressive traits caused by high testosterone. It is widely taken that testosterone is associated with aggression. Testosterone switches on the subcortical parts of the brain that generate aggression (Dominic, 2019).
In summary, humans are genetically susceptible to war as our bodies react by releasing hormones when we sense danger preparing us to react by fighting the attacker or fleeing. Humankind aggressive trait is inherited from Chimpanzees, who are the closest relatives to humans. Competition for scarce resources and fighting predators through the revolutionary period made man develop psychological war barriers, thus becoming more aggressive. People most often solve their issues by engaging in the war due to the sense of unity. War provides a platform to express certain human characters such as bravery, humans are still affected by the inherited violent genes, and many people enjoy engaging in war. Men also have a high amount of testosterone that makes them liable to anger and violence.
Bellamy, A.J. (16th December 2019). Humans may have evolved aggression, but that doesn’t mean we were hard-wired for war. Science Focus https://www.sciencefocus.com/the-human-body/humans-may-have-evolved-aggression-but-that-doesnt-mean-we-were-hard-wired-for-war/
Debes, M. B. (22nd March 2019). War & Violence? Humans are Genetically Predisposed To Kil Each Other. Mind Revolt. http://www.mindrevolt.org/war-and-violence-humans-are-genetically-predisposed-to-kill-each-other
Dominic, J. (2nd May 2019). 7 Things You Don’t Know About Irritable Male Syndrome That Could Be Undermining Your Relationship. ACEs Connection. https://www.acesconnection.com/blog/7-things-you-don-t-know-about-the-irritable-male-syndrome-that-could-be-undermining-your-relationship