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  1.  Post-traumatic stress disorder.   



    Describe the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder.   


Subject Psychology Pages 3 Style APA


  • Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder



Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the known stress and trauma-related disorders that affect a considerable number of people in society. This disorder is often associated with particular occurrences or events in an individual’s life that caused some form of emotional trauma to an individual. Those who have such a diagnosis often have episodes when they relive the scenario and present with particular features (Cordova, Riba & Spiegel, 2017).

Post-traumatic stress disorder often follows particular triggers that can easily be linked to the initial traumatic event. Continued presentation of symptoms that make an individual derange from normal function and daily routine make this a disorder, hence necessitating appropriate treatment.

The common symptoms of PTSD are as follows:

Repeated memories of particular traumatic events that occurred in the past. Affected patients will often have this as a common complaint. This can equally manifest as repeated dreams of a particular traumatic event (Bryant, 2019)

Patients with PTSD exhibit avoidance of particular events or people who are attributed to a particular traumatic event. Untreated cases progress to hypervigilance and persistent negative beliefs about a given person or place associated with a traumatic event.

Panic attacks and agitation when an individual is subjected to a particular memory, event, or place that is emotive of a particular traumatic event. This can also manifest as sleep disturbance reported as difficulties in initiating or falling back to sleep at night (Bryant, 2019).

PTSD is a condition that can be adequately managed if a diagnosis is made early enough. Psychiatrists and psychologists both play a critical role in ensuring that affected patients get the correct form of therapy and support throughout the period of care (Bryant, 2019). The patients can be put on medications including anxiolytics as well as subjected to cognitive behavioral therapy so as to explore the traumatic event and help the patients overcome their fear.

There is a need to encourage people to come out and seek treatment as this condition can be debilitating and affect an individual’s social life significantly. With the correct therapy and medication, this condition can slowly be corrected and confer an individual a normal life.


Bryant, R. A. (2019). Post‐traumatic stress disorder: a state‐of‐the‐art review of evidence and challenges. World Psychiatry, 18(3), 259-269.

Cordova, M. J., Riba, M. B., & Spiegel, D. (2017). Post-traumatic stress disorder and cancer. The Lancet Psychiatry, 4(4), 330-338.



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