Quality and Safety Education for Nurses
( use WHO INFLUENZA PANDEMIC FOR REFLECTIVE QUESTION 1,COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT-COMMUNITY RESOUCES FOR REFLECTIVE Q2, AND SO FORTH..)
Reflection 6 – Professional Development
Core Clinical Objective
Develop professional nursing identity and clinical judgement.
- Detail a comprehensive plan of care for the clients you served during your practicum experience that included:
- What referrals to other human service and social support agencies did you provide to clients?
- Why did you select these agencies?
- What specifically could these agencies add to the holistic care of the client?
The client that I served during my practicum experience is a patient who was infected by influenza during the influenza pandemic. Some of the human service and social support agencies that I referred the client to are OpenCounselling and HealthyLiving which deal with counseling of clients and creation of awareness and education respectively. These agencies were selected based on the needs of the client. Basically, Influenza presents with emotional issues based on the fact that it is one of the leading causes of death that comes occasionally and cause massive deaths across the continents. Negative emotions can create anxiety which may cause other diseases such as depression. On the same note, the emotional distress that is accompanied by influenza is likely to affect drug compliance hence treatment outcome may not be achieved as expected. Educational support is very necessary for any client who has had influenza. Education programs create awareness to the client by educating him on risk factors, causes of the disease, and prevention measures that are necessary when there is influenza pandemic (Rao & Greve, 2018). As it is, the preventive measures are move effective than curative actions when dealing with influenza because of its contagious nature and ways of spread. Holistic healthcare is complete or total patient care that considers the physical, emotional, social, economic, and spiritual needs of the person, his or her response to illness and the effect of the illness on the ability to meet self-care needs. In this case, the agencies provide emotional support by counseling the client to prevent other conditions such as anxiety and depression. Additionally, education provides knowledge about the disease such as ensuring social distance and putting on preventive gears such as masks when one is in congested places. As such, these agencies treat the whole person that includes mind body, and the spirit.
- How might you include this agency’s services in your comprehensive plan of care if you were discharging a patient from a hospital to the community?
Educating the patient during discharge is a very important factor not only to the patient but also to the community. In this particular case, the services of HealthyLiving must be included in the discharge plan. Particularly, I would educate the patient majorly on preventive measures of his condition. Influenza is an airborne and contagious disease that is transferred through contact hence its spread depends on human behaviors. In that regard, some of the measures that I would include in the discharge sheet is maintenance of social distance. Secondly, I would let the client understand the significance of sanitizing the hands. Since the virus enters the body through the nose, eyes, and mouth, it is important to note that hand are the major transportation vehicle of the virus hence should be sanitized or washed regularly (Rao & Greve, 2018). Lastly, wearing mask in congested regions is also a major part of diseases prevention as it breaks the chain of disease transmission by blocking the nose as well as the mouth. Most importantly, I would advise the client to remain in doors until he recovers fully since he is vulnerable to developing other conditions as a result of weak immune system that has been caused by previous health conditions. In that regard, the services of the agencies form a significant part of the discharge plan.
- How does your particular practicum program utilize surveillance data and databases?
My practicum program utilizes surveillance data and databases to get information about the condition at hand. Surveillance data is specifically used to estimate the magnitude of cases of influenza, determine the distribution and depict the history of the disease, generate hypotheses, stimulate research, and facilitate planning (Chandran et al., 2020). Basically, surveillance data provides information about the trend of a particular disease within a period of time. In this particular case of influenza, the surveillance provides the history of the disease right from 10 decades ago, how many people it killed, how it was managed, and the mistakes health institutions as well individuals did to facilitate its spread (Hopia & Heikkilä, J2020)). Such information provides a framework through which the current and future cases of the disease can be handled to prevent causes of several deaths. To prove this, since 1913 when the influenza killed almost half of the world’s population, measures have been put in place to avoid such losses and these measures are reliant on the previous cases. The data bases, like the surveillance data, also provide the information about the disease, the demographics they affect most, and the regions they severely, which assists in developing an effective plan to prevent the losses caused by such diseases.
- How did nursing contribute to or utilize these databases?
Nursing as a profession and these data bases enjoy a mutual relationship where both of them benefit from each other. The data bases provide information about the trend of diseases, their distributions and the demographics that are largely affected (Dehghan Salmasi et al., 2020). This information is used by healthcare institutions and professionals to initiate an effective plan to prevent such diseases. For example, it is known that influenza kills old people more than young ones and highly affect individuals living in cold areas. As such, prevention plans start from people living in cold areas who are old. They get holistic care and become priority of nurses since they are more likely to die than others. On the other hand, nurses or healthcare professionals also use these information to conduct further research to fill the gaps that had been left by previous researches. Once healthcare professionals get new information, they provide such information to the databases.
Dehghan Salmasi, N., Kazerani, M., Shekofteh, M., & Jambarsang, S. (2020). Acceptance of evidence-based nursing databases by educational nurses using Rogers’ model. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 0961000620948569.
Hopia, H., & Heikkilä, J. (2020). Nursing research priorities based on CINAHL database: A scoping review. Nursing Open, 7(2), 483-494.
Chandran, V. P., Khan, S., Kulyadi, G. P., Khera, K., Devi, E. S., Balakrishnan, A., & Thunga, G. (2020). Evidence-based medicine databases: An overview. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 10(07), 147-154.
Rao, H., & Greve, H. R. (2018). Disasters and community resilience: Spanish flu and the formation of retail cooperatives in Norway. Academy of Management Journal, 61(1), 5-25.