1. What factors must a researcher consider in selecting an existing instrument for use in a study?
2. How does a researcher locate an existing instrument?
Part Two: Search and locate an existing instrument that will be used to address your research question. Post the title of the instrument selected and the level of measurement on the tool. Next, post a description of the type of scale used in the instrument. Include a brief discussion of data collection procedures that will be presented in your proposal.
The selection of a research instrument acts as a crucial step in the research process. According to Joao et al., (2014), reliability and validity of the instrument are the two principal factors that should be taken into consideration when choosing a research instrument. An instrument is perceived to have validity when it yields/generates/produces outcomes that reflect or mirror what it initially/originally aimed to measure or evaluate. On the other hand, a research instrument is considered reliable when it has the ability to consistently produce the same outcomes after being applied or employed repeatedly to the same subject groups (Joao et al. 2014). Other factors that should be considered during the selection of a research instrument are resource availability, type of research, methodology, and audience expectations, as well as time and ethical constraints.
According to Joao et al., (2014), the following four steps should be employed in locating a research instrument:
1. Conduction of a broad or wider and thorough search of literature to access the instruments that analyze/assess the phenomenon/issue in question
2. Identification of the available/existing instrument to measure/evaluate the issue of interest
3. Reassessment of the course establishment/development of every identified research instrument, seeking to alienate those with established outcomes, good validity and reliability indicators, and those extensively employed within the scientific community
4. Selection of a research instrument that meets the objectives of the study, considering the budgetary, time, and ethical constraints among other factors
A Questionnaire will be employed as the research instrument. The instrument will focus on two key measurements that include ordinal and nominal variables. Ordinal variables will include no/yes questions, religious affiliations, geographical region, ethnicity, and gender questions (Ay et al. 2014). Nominal questions will include question like a survey rating scale (i.e. good, excellent, fair, poor etc.) or agreement level with a statement (i.e. disagree, agree, somewhat agree, strongly disagree) employed in attitude surveys (Ay et al 2014). These variables will be measured using nominal and ordinal scales. Secondary data collection will focus on a review of the peer-reviewed articles obtained from academic databases such as EBSCOHOST/EBSCO. Primary data collection will focus on information obtained from participants/respondents.
Ay, F., Gençtürk, N., & Turan, M. M. (2014). Barriers that Prevent Implementation of Research Findings in Nursing: Education-Research Hospitals Case. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 20(6), 646-654.