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  1. QUESTION

     

    In your opinion what role do “subcultures” play in delinquency and crime?

    How are cities using C.P.T.E.D. to prevent crime?
    What role does street furniture play in a cities overall C.P.T.E.D.?
    What are the C.P.T.E.D. elements used at the USSO/McDonald’s in the video?

 

Subject Law and governance Pages 2 Style APA

Answer

Role of Subcultures in Crime and Delinquency and CPTED

In your opinion what role do “subcultures” play in delinquency and crime?

According to Cohen’s subcultural theory, crime is possible when young delinquents consolidate to form subcultures that are different and further from moral values based on their association where deviance dominates over moral values. Therefore, when such young adults form subcultures, they will form their norms, interests, values, and attitudes that are different from the majority of society (Wickert, 2019). The result of these formed subcultures is that young people will associate with each other based on inequalities of social classes in society and as they consolidate into groups, their norms and values will be considered deviant from the society that results in their consolidation leading to criminal activities. The criminal behavior will be driven by the desire for young people in a low social class to fit in with other peers in the higher social classes (Wickert, 2019). Ultimately, as young people are inducted into subcultures with behavioral characteristics that are deviant from normal values and norms, they will engage in crime and delinquency.

How are cities using C.P.T.E.D. to prevent crime?

Environmental design contributes to crime prevention through the proper placing of streets, street and road entrances and exits, street lighting, footpaths, street lighting, and fencing. These elements of environmental design contribute to reduced criminal activities by increased surveillance that reduces the chances that people will get to commit a crime is properly structured and visible cities. According to the City of Menlo Park’s 2021 guidelines, C.P.T.E.D. is essential in reducing crime by ensuring that there are marked transitional zones. These transitional zones with proper fencing will help reduce home burglaries by safeguarding homes from people who may seem to trespass and break into through proper surveillance through proper street lighting and restricting movements of people into private property (NCPC, 2003). Conclusively, C.P.T.E.D. helps increase surveillance and restricts access to private property that reduces opportunities for crimes to be committed, hence reducing crime in cities.

What role does street furniture play in cities overall C.P.T.E.D.?

According to the 2003 National Crime Prevention Council (NCPC) C.P.T.E.D. guidebook, street furniture includes equipment and objects that have been erected on city streets and roads that serve various purposes. Some of these include traffic barriers, traffic lights, street lamps, bus stops, and phone boxes. Each serves a purpose to the public good of directing human and automotive traffic in certain directions with clearly marked entrances and exits. Overall, this street furniture help brings out a visual identity that incorporates road safety, public safety, traffic control, and movement of pedestrians. Ultimately, street furniture will involve help reduce crime by highlighting surveillance where individuals can be found freely in public limiting dark zones that may be susceptible to crime. While designing cities, it is imperative that this street furniture is aesthetically and strategically placed to help in increased surveillance and public safety, warding off criminal behavior and truancy.

What are the C.P.T.E.D. elements used at the USSO/McDonald’s in the video?

                The elements used are surveillance, access control, and territoriality. Through surveillance, McDonald’s has placed security cameras within the buildings that their stores are at both within and without. Through surveillance, McDonald’s will keep offenders under surveillance rather than reduce truancy. Access control in McDonalds involves the one exit policy for customers where intruders will not have access to use backdoors to escape in the event of a crime. Lastly, through territoriality, McDonalds has established barriers and doors that prevent non-staff members from accessing the backrooms of McDonalds stores.

 

 

References

Menlo Park City. (2021). Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) | City of Menlo Park – Official Website. Menlopark.org. https://www.menlopark.org/947/Crime-Prevention-Through-Environmental-D#:~:text=Properly%20located%20entrances%2C%20exits%2C%20fencing

National Crime Prevention Council (NCPC). (2003). Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design Guidebook. In (pp. 1–59). https://rems.ed.gov/docs/Mobile_docs/CPTED-Guidebook.pdf

Wickert, C. (2019, May 10). Subcultural theory (Cohen) | SozTheo. SozTheo. https://soztheo.de/theories-of-crime/learning-subculture/subcultural-theory-cohen/?lang=en

 

 

 

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