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  1. – State and Local Politics    




    A privately owned island off the coast of Florida has been left to you by the eccentric owner who recently died. The island is
    large enough for several small communities to be developed. You want to start off on the right foot by establishing a local
    government, a judicial system, and a law enforcement system. The only stipulation is that you cannot be the dictator of the
    For the Unit V Mini Project, you will describe the following points:
    the type of local government you would establish (e.g., county, city), PS 2010, American State and Local Politics 2
    the form of that government (e.g., township, municipal charter),
    the management system (e.g., commission, mayor, council),
    how leadership positions would be instated (e.g., appointment, election),
    the type of law enforcement and judicial system you would put into place, and
    your rehabilitation system for any criminal offender.




Subject Law and governance Pages 5 Style APA


Type of government

The type of government I will establish is county government. This is because the island consists of several communities whose populations satisfy the formation of a county government. As a county, this island will manage various vital functions for the people living within it. At the beginning, it will operate on five main departments. The first department is assessor, whose role will be to assign value to every property within the county (Wilkins & Stark, 2017). The assessed value of the properties will be based on market value percentage to ensure the county communities feel appreciated.

The second department is treasury which will be responsible for collection of county taxes. People working within the department will ensure that every tax bill is paid by each residence on the island. Zoning and planning department will be responsible for development of cities within the county and issuing of building and business permits (Wilkins & Stark, 2017). The other department will be for roads and public works. It will be tasked with development and maintenance of county roads as well as any other community development projects. The existing paved roads will be maintained, repaired, and monitored through this department. Other departments will include education, sheriff, healthcare, judiciary and legislature.

Form of Government

The form of government that will be used in this island is township. The small towns in the county will possess powers delegated to them by the county government. The county’s legislature will provide power for the towns to exercise law enforcement, protect towns from natural disasters, levy taxes, and take part in roads maintenance (Wilkins & Stark, 2017). These towns will be directly managed by town boards which will consist of four to five members. The boards will handle matters that crop within the jurisdiction of each town. The power of these boards will be granted by town electors who will be governing the town through organized meetings. 

Management System

County board of supervisors will be tasked with both legislative and executive functions within the county. These board members will be elected every two years in nonpartisan elections held within the county (Thomas & Susan, 2013). The county’s chief executive officer will be the most powerful administrative officer and will be elected into office for a four-year period. The county board will appoint a county administrator who will coordinate major functions of the county.

Mode of Acquisition of Leadership Positions

Most leadership positions in the county will be occupied by legally elected members. Firstly, county board of supervisor members will be elected every two years by the residents in the county. The county executive, who is the chief executive officer of the county will be elected to a four year term office by the members of the county. The county’s administrator will be appointed by members of the county supervisory board. Town board members will be elected by members of the town meeting. Other elective offices will include court clerks, sheriff, attorney, and treasurer (Thomas & Susan, 2013).

The County’s Law Enforcement and Justice System

The Sheriff will act as the chief law enforcement officer in the county. The duties of this office will include investigating county crimes, making arrests, enforcing traffic rules, operating county jails, and serving writs. He or she will be responsible for security in the county courts, and will be elected to serve a four-year term. The other law enforcement officer will be the Constable who will serve within the justice precinct. He will be tasked with carrying out decisions made by the court. They will serve papers, execute judgments, and act as bailiffs. At times, the constable will conduct criminal investigations and help sheriff in patrol (Thomas & Susan, 2013).

If a member of the public has knowledge of any instance of law breakage, he or she will be required to contact the sheriff department. The sheriff or his deputy will follow up on any report to determine who perpetrated every crime in the county. As such, they will be required to talk to witnesses in addition to examining physical evidence to establish offender’s motive and actions. With sufficient evidence, the sheriff will be able to arrest the offender. After arrest, the accused offenders will enter the justice system where each of the accusations will be handled by county court. This court will handle all the cases including probation, criminal, mental competency and civil cases (Thomas & Susan, 2013).

Rehabilitation System

The first rehabilitation for criminal offenders in the county will be probation supervision. The offenders will be working under court-ordered conditions which will be modified in case of noncompliance. Standard conditions for probation will include meeting with probation officer, staying within specified jurisdiction, full time employment or attendance of school (Wilkins & Stark, 2017). The other rehabilitation system to be used is community service. This will be a court order requiring offenders to work in unpaid labor for the general growth of the community. It will act as an alternative sanction for offenders who cannot afford monetary sanctions. Fines and jail sentences will also be used on individuals whose cases are considered extremely serious. Those who pose threat to the public will be sentenced to imprisonment within the jails established within the county. Additionally, the imposed fines will be determined by severity of the case.


Thomas R., D., & Susan A., M. (2013). Politics in States and Communities: Pearson New International Edition. Harlow, United Kingdom: Pearson.

Wilkins, D. E., & Stark, H. K. (2017). American Indian politics and the American political system. Rowman & Littlefield.



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