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Peer responses apa format and make sure at least two resources for each peer and respond with good length paragraphs

6053
Peer 1

Leadership Theories in Practice
In today’s healthcare settings, nurse leaders must transform healthcare systems and improve quality of life. One of the key insights I gained from the scholarly resources selected is that nurses must be flexible in their leadership styles and adjust them to suit the different situations they face daily. Leaders should express hopefulness about the future, help followers realize their potential, and empower people to implement changes (Suratno, 2018). This insight aligns with the emotional intelligence characteristic, allowing leaders to deal with daily challenges in healthcare organizations (Broome & Marshall, 2021). The other insight gained from the resources is that the important goal of nurse leaders is to promote employee engagement and maintain a productive workforce. These effectively mitigate employee burnout (Wei et al., 2020). This supports theory Z that a leader fosters employee well-being to promote high morale, satisfaction, and production (Broome & Marshall, 2021).
I have seen these behaviors and skills used in practice in the psychiatric unit where there was a shortage of nurses. The nurses complained of lack of effective communication and insensitivity to their individual needs. Which left the nurses feeling frustrated and unmotivated to pick up extra shifts. When my nurse manager set up monthly meetings to listen to staff members and address their needs, the nurses began to demonstrate increased engagement. Furthermore, the nurses complaints decreased and they became more committed to pick up extra shifts.
In this situation, the nurse manager demonstrated authentic leadership skills emphasizing relationships between leaders and followers (Broome & Marshall, 2021). These skills were significantly effective because after the nurse manager established a good relationship with nurses, the complaining and uncommitted behaviors among nurses were reduced.

Peer 2

Nurse supervisors wear many hats daily. Their most important jobs include staying within budget and staffing. Being able to supply the hospital staff with the supplies needed to do their job is a skill they acquire from working closely with the charge nurses and the materials management coordinator. For example, supervisors to make the correct decisions they meet with other staff. Group decision and generated ideas by managerial staff, and non-managerial staff at all-staff meeting (Duggan, Aisaka, Tabak, et al, 2015) help to maintain a budget.
Keeping the hospital staffed adequately and staying within budget is another task that takes preparation. Using a grid to know how many nurses will be need for the day is very useful. It maybe more beneficial for supervisors to allow nursing staff to make their own schedule. Allowing nurses to do this helps nurses feel like they have better control of their time and are able to give better patient care (Leadership styles in nursing management … – wiley online library, n.d.).
Having an open line of communication in a workplace is what helps it run smoothly and effectively. When the nurse supervisor met with the house supervisor and materials management supervisor, she was able to see what supplies were needed as per the charge nurse and the materials management coordinator followed thru by letting them know what could be ordered and when supplies would arrive. By allowing the nursing staff to make their schedule the nurse manager empowers them and frees up time for herself. Every nurse leader has a specific leadership style “that impact on nurses’ satisfaction, turnover, and the quality of patient care they deliver” (The impact of Nurse Managers’ leadership styles on Ward Staff, n.d.).

6052
Peer 1

        This week we were asked to choose a healthcare issue topic of interest in order to formulate our PICOT question to lead us throughout the course. The healthcare issue that I have chosen as my topic for this course is increasing the accessibility to mental health services in the United States through telehealth.
        In Case Management Monthly’s 2021 journal entry, it is learned that adults and children have accessed mental health services has declined by over 30% since the COVID-19 pandemic began in 2020 (p. 1). Because of this, mental health illness, crises and rates of suicide as well as substance use, abuse and overdoses are at an all-time high. One way to help this issue that I  have found in my research is through the increased access of telehealth. Telehealth allows for bridging the gaps between not having access to mental health services due to location, specifically rural areas, staffing and patients not being able to make in person appointments due to the pandemic, their own mental illness, and scheduling (Talarico, 2021, para. 2-3).
        In my research, there were a few barriers that prevented me from finding articles that will best support my PICOT question. My first search involved me typing in “mental health accessibility” into the CINAHL database. When I did this, I was given a multitude of articles, however, they were incredibly broad and not exactly what I was looking for. The results that I got from this search included very specified results including mental health access in third world countries as well as mental health access specifically for the homeless population. I realized that these results were not really on the topic that I was looking for. Utilizing the Walden University Library n.d., I was able to find the importance of the use of ‘and’ searches (para.1). I then typed into the search bars ‘mental health’ AND ‘access to care’ AND ‘telehealth’ AND ‘United States.” With this, I was lead to a smaller group of about 30 articles to browse through that were incredibly specified to my topic of choice. I found that the best method to to increase the rigor and effectiveness of a database on my PICOT question is to use ‘and’, ‘or’ and ‘not’ searches to be able to narrow your search to finding articles that only support my question and my topic of choice (Walden, n.d., para.1).

Peer 2

The clinical issue is retained foreign objects after surgery and the impact on patients, providers, and hospitals. Retained objects can be sponges, needles, instruments, guidewires, small broken fragments from instruments, and blades (Weprin et al., 2021). The effect on patients include increase hospital stay, infection, bowel obstruction, re-operation, and death (Steelman et al., 2018). Hospitals have to incur charges because this is a preventable event not covered by insurance. Providers also experience second victim syndrome which is a feeling of guilt and responsibility for the harm caused to the patient (Weprin et al., 2021). There are various methods used to account for instruments and sponges such as manual counting with sponge counters, RF wanding, and x-ray.
For the search of the articles on the topic, databases such as CINAHL & MEDLINE Combined Search, Google Scholar, and PubMed were utilized. The term retained foreign objects in surgery was inputted on the search bar which provided numerous articles. Then full text, peer reviewed, and within the last five years narrowed down the reviews to about twenty articles. Adding and, or, and not to the search helped to find articles specifically on the topic of interest (Walden University Library, n.d.). Boolean operators and filters was useful in reducing the search results. Surgery or operating room was included in the search bar so that articles that used one term or the other can be shown.
The PICOT question is: In surgical patients the use of x-ray or radiofrequency identification device (RFID) effectively prevents unintentionally retained foreign objects. The population is surgical patients and the comparative intervention is RF wanding as opposed to x-ray. Looking for Level 1 evidence and searching for clinical trial as a filter on the databases will help to find useful articles pertaining to the topic.

Sample Solution

Sample Answer

Compelling correspondence is essential to the achievement all things considered but since of the changing idea of the present working environments, successful correspondence turns out to be more troublesome, and because of the numerous impediments that will permit beneficiaries to acknowledge the plan of the sender It is restricted. Misguided judgments.In spite of the fact that correspondence inside the association is rarely completely open, numerous straightforward arrangements can be executed to advance the effect of these hindrances.

Concerning specific contextual analysis, two significant correspondence standards, correspondence channel determination and commotion are self-evident. This course presents the standards of correspondence, the act of general correspondence, and different speculations to all the more likely comprehend the correspondence exchanges experienced in regular daily existence. The standards and practices that you learn in this course give the premise to additionally learning and correspondence.

This course starts with an outline of the correspondence cycle, the method of reasoning and hypothesis. In resulting modules of the course, we will look at explicit use of relational connections in close to home and expert life. These incorporate relational correspondence, bunch correspondence and dynamic, authoritative correspondence in the work environment or relational correspondence. Rule of Business Communication In request to make correspondence viable, it is important to follow a few rules and standards. Seven of them are fundamental and applicable, and these are clear, finished, brief, obliging, right, thought to be, concrete. These standards are frequently called 7C for business correspondence. The subtleties of these correspondence standards are examined underneath: Politeness Principle: When conveying, we should build up a cordial relationship with every individual who sends data to us.

To be inviting and polite is indistinguishable, and politeness requires an insightful and amicable activity against others. Axioms are notable that gracious “pay of graciousness is the main thing to win everything”. Correspondence staff ought to consistently remember this. The accompanying standards may assist with improving courtesy:Preliminary considering correspondence with family All glad families have the mystery of progress. This achievement originates from a strong establishment of closeness and closeness. Indeed, through private correspondence these cozy family connections become all the more intently. Correspondence is the foundation of different affiliations, building solid partners of obedient devotion, improving family way of life, and assisting with accomplishing satisfaction (Gosche, p. 1). In any case, so as to keep up an amicable relationship, a few families experienced tumultuous encounters. Correspondence in the family is an intricate and alluring marvel. Correspondence between families isn’t restricted to single messages between families or verbal correspondence.

It is a unique cycle that oversees force, closeness and limits, cohesiveness and flexibility of route frameworks, and makes pictures, topics, stories, ceremonies, rules, jobs, making implications, making a feeling of family life An intelligent cycle that makes a model. This model has passed ages. Notwithstanding the view as a family and family automatic framework, one of the greatest exploration establishments in between family correspondence centers around a family correspondence model. Family correspondence model (FCP) hypothesis clarifies why families impart in their own specific manner dependent on one another ‘s psychological direction. Early FCP research established in media research is keen on how families handle broad communications data. Family correspondence was perceived as an exceptional scholastic exploration field by the National Communications Association in 1989. Family correspondence researchers were at first impacted by family research, social brain science, and relational hypothesis, before long built up the hypothesis and began research in a family framework zeroed in on a significant job. Until 2001, the primary issue of the Family Communication Research Journal, Family Communication Magazine, was given. Family correspondence is more than the field of correspondence analysts in the family. Examination on family correspondence is normally done by individuals in brain science, humanism, and family research, to give some examples models. However, as the popular family correspondence researcher Leslie Baxter stated, it is the focal point of this intelligent semantic creation measure making the grant of family correspondence special. In the field of in-home correspondence, correspondence is normally not founded on autonomous messages from one sender to one beneficiary, yet dependent on the dynamic interdependency of data shared among families It is conceptualized. The focal point of this methodology is on the shared trait of semantic development inside family frameworks. As such, producing doesn’t happen in vacuum, however it happens in a wide scope of ages and social exchange.

Standards are rules end up being followed when performing work to agree to a given objective. Hierarchical achievement relies significantly upon compelling correspondence. So as to successfully impart, it is important to follow a few standards and rules. Coming up next are rules to guarantee powerful correspondence: clearness: lucidity of data is a significant guideline of correspondence. For beneficiaries to know the message plainly, the messages ought to be sorted out in a basic language. To guarantee that beneficiaries can without much of a stretch comprehend the importance of the message, the sender needs to impart unmistakably and unhesitatingly so the beneficiary can plainly and unquestionably comprehend the data.>

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