Urbanized societies need stretches of uninhabited and undeveloped land
Why do urbanized societies need stretches of uninhabited and undeveloped land?
Why Urbanized Societies need Stretches of Uninhabited and Undeveloped Land
Urbanization has seen individuals move from rural centres to urban areas filled with infrastructure and development to lift their living standards. This has increased population in urban centres that urban centre management has led to expansion. Although urban centres globally keep expanding, there is a lot of uninhabited and undeveloped land surrounding them. The uninhabited and undeveloped land is important in urban centres to preserve local eco-patterns, beautification, and improvement of human health.
While the uninhabited and undeveloped lands around urban centres are fit for development, they are essential in being habitats for preserving local eco-patterns. Banzhaf et al. (2005) explain that these open spaces surrounding urban centres are natural habitats for wildlife that helps in preserving local eco-patterns. Preserving these open spaces around urban centres is important in ensuring that local tree species also thrive while urban centres also grow (Withgott & Laposata, 2012/2018). The balance provides continuity of freshwater sources that provide sustainable water for individuals living in urban centres (World Health Organization (WHO), 2016). Preservation of these open spaces improves the overall global ecosystem and promotes biodiversity.
Open spaces surrounding urban centres are integral in the beautification purpose. As people flock into urban centres, the population increases and some prefer outdoor hobbies like camping, nature walks, rock-climbing, and hiking (Withgott & Laposata, 2012/2018). Banzhaf et al. (2005) establish that these open spaces provide beautiful sceneries for such activities. Nature trails in forest and hills provide a perfect ambience for lovers of nature that they can enjoy as leisure activities (WHO, 2016). Resultantly, municipal councils that plan urban expenditures get to have fewer expenses on recreational centres. Banzhaf et al. (2005) add that with such uninhabited and undeveloped land around urban centres providing people living in urban areas different recreational activities, expenditure is cut down and saves costs that help that capital run in other urban development projects.
Lastly, open spaces in the outskirts of urban centres act as green spaces that improve human health. These open spaces provide avenues that urban residents increase their physical and mental health through outdoor activities in nature (WHO, 2016). Banzhaf et al. (2005) add that the open spaces surrounding urban centres are filled with vegetation that provides clean, fresh air fit for healthy living by reducing air pollution. While pursuing nature walks, urban residents mingle, increasing social cohesion (Withgott & Laposata, 2012/2018). These endeavours brought about by uninhabited and undeveloped lands around urban centres reduce stress levels and offer relaxation to individuals; hence, improving human health.
In the end, urbanization has led to increased populations in urban centres. However, as urban centres expand and develop, uninhabited and undeveloped lands around them are important for preserving local eco-patterns, beautification, and improvement of human health. Therefore, preserving these lands is important.
Banzhaf, H., Jawahar, P., & Banzhaf, S. (2005). Public Benefits of Undeveloped Lands on Urban Outskirts: Non-Market Valuation Studies and their Role in Land Use Plans Public Benefits of Undeveloped Lands on Urban Outskirts: Non-Market Valuation Studies and their Role in Land Use Plans (pp. 1–50). https://www.defenders.org/sites/default/files/publications/public_benefits_of_undeveloped_lands_on_urban_outskirts.pdf
WHO. (2016). Urban green spaces and health. In www.euro.who.int (pp. 1–67). WHO Regional Office for Europe. https://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/321971/Urban-green-spaces-and-health-review-evidence.pdf
Withgott, J., & Laposata, M. (2018). Environment: the science behind the stories (6th ed.). Pearson Education, Inc. (Original work published 2012)