Chosen theory – Dorothea Orem: Pioneer of the Self-Care Nursing Theory
Write a report on the chosen theorist/theory that includes the following:
1. Explanation of how patient outcomes could be used to determine the success of the theory’s implementation.
2. Contrast between present practice and what would take place if the theory were guiding the practice.
Dorothea Elizabeth Orem’s Theory of Self-Care
The Self-care Nursing Theory was created by Dorothea Elizabeth Orem, a nursing philosopher. According to Younas (2017), the self-care theory centers on an individual’s aptitude to conduct self-care, illustrated as the practice of behaviors that people instigate and conduct personally in preserving wellness, existence and healthiness. Post University (2020) indicates that the Self-care theory is comprised of three consistent models. These include the self-care theory, the theory self-care deficit, and the premise of nursing systems. This paper discusses how patient outcome can be used to determine the success the self-care nursing theory and contrast between current practices as well assess what would happen if the theory is used as a guiding practice.
According to Younas (2017), Orem’s self-care theory assists nurses in evaluating the features of patient care and the type of care to center on at any incident. The theory stresses the significance of patient personally maintaining self-sufficiency. Younas (2017) indicates that various patient outcomes can be used to determine the success of the self-care theory. For instance, Orem’s theory centers on the practice of behaviors that a person conducts on their individual behalf. These may be activities to preserve a person’s existence and life performance and correct a health condition or deviation. According to Borji, Otaghi and Kazembeigi (2017), patient’s outcomes such as living healthy, consuming healthy foods, getting enough rest, exercising daily and avoiding alcohol and drugs are essential in determining the success of the theory of Self-care.
Orem’s self-care theory advocates that patients are more competent to get better when they exercise independence regarding their personal care. In the current healthcare system, nurses play a significant role in ensuring patient safety by conduction different activities including assessing managing a patient’s therapy and medication. However, Orem’s theory argues that patients also have the ability to assess and intervene in their medication and therapy processes. The self-care theory is founded on the base that every individual has an inbuilt capability, rights and obligation to care for themselves (Borji et al., 2017). Therefore, in the self-care theory, a notion of human growth is reflected that development and maturation often go with autonomy, a need to be self-directing and persuade others to exercise self-care.
According to Orem, self-care is a learned behavior that an individual conducts for themselves, which significantly contributes in preserving wellness, life and health. The fundamental conditioning aspects that affect an individual’s aptitude to participate in self-care include gender, age, developmental stage, health condition, resource adequacy among other factors. The self-care theory is essential in the modern healthcare system, given that it views from the patient’s perspective, which allows patients to provide self-care with altering degree of help from the nurse, rather than completely depending on the nurses (Borji et al., 2017). If Orem’s self-care theory is used as guiding practice, it will assist patients in learning different approaches of self-care, which assist I managing different conditions they encounter and preserving wellness.
The theory of self-care centers on individual’s capability to conduct self-care. Patient’s outcomes such as living healthy, consuming healthy foods, getting enough rest, exercising daily and avoiding alcohol and drugs are essential in determining the success of the theory of self-care. If Orem’s theory is employed as guiding practice, it will help patients learn different approaches of self-care, which are fundamental in managing different conditions they encounter and preserving wellness.
Borji, M., Otaghi, M., & Kazembeigi, S. (2017). The impact of Orem’s self-care model on the quality of life in patients with type II diabetes. Biomedical and Pharmacology Journal, 10(1), 213-220. https://biomedpharmajournal.org/vol10no1/the-impact-of-oremsself-care-model-on-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes-in-ilam/
Post University. (2020). Dorothea Orem: Pioneer of the Self-Care Nursing Theory. Self-Care. https://www.americansentinel.edu/blog/2020/07/11/dorothea-orem-pioneer-of-the-self-care-nursing-theory/
Younas, A. (2017). A foundational analysis of Dorothea Orem’s self-care theory and evaluation of its significance for nursing practice and research. Creative Nursing, 23(1), 13-23. https://connect.springerpub.com/content/sgrcn/23/1/13.abstract