Genetically modified crops
What are the arguments for and against genetically modified crops? Discuss the scientific, economic, and political issues.
Political, Social, and Economic Pros and Cons of Genetically Modified Crops
The transformation has occurred in agriculture through the incorporation of technology in the production of genetically modified crops (GMCs). While some may argue that the GMCs have negatively impacted agriculture, others argue against this, claiming that GMCs are beneficial. Therefore, this paper describes the political, social, and economic arguments around genetically modified crops.
Politically, governments have raised the ethical question over GMCs while they agree that GMC has also encouraged the growth of GMCs because of the increased yields and reduced hunger. Prakash et al. (2011) establish that governments have had issues with the intrusion of species with genetically modified crops that may affect ecosystems through the extinction of natural species as more countries adopt modified crops. On the other hand, Evanega & Perlmutter (2018) debate that countries across the world have fed their citizens, reducing hunger from increased crop yields with the introduction of modified crops.
Economically, modified crops have led to increased yields that raised economies, while some debate that GMCs have standardized crop produce. The introduction of genetically modified crops has increased yields, no doubt; however, this has led to losses when selling products because of flooding of the market (Evanega & Perlmutter, 2018). Contrarily, increased yields have led to the economies rising that have increased infrastructure around countries globally and raised living standards of people.
Lastly, GMCs have influenced societal interactions positively and negatively. Genetically modified crops have increased crop yields, leading to the reduction of hunger across the world (Garden Organic, 2017). Reduced hunger has reduced malnutrition and enhanced health, thereby reducing mortality rates because of hunger and malnutrition (Evanega & Perlmutter, 2018). Conversely, small-scale farmers have complained that large-scale farmers have pushed them from the increasing competition while flooding markets because of high production (Evanega & Perlmutter, 2018). This has led to food wastage because of the lack of markets for small-scale farmers, increasing conflicts.
In conclusion, genetically modified crops have led to political, social, and economic positive and negative effects. While many may claim arguments against GMCs, the same GMCs have reduced hunger that has promoted human life through improved living standards.
Evanega, S., & Perlmutter, D. (2018, August 15). The GMO Debate. Alliance for Science. https://allianceforscience.cornell.edu/blog/2018/08/the-gmo-debate/
Garden Organic. (2017). GMOs – political and ethical concerns | www.gardenorganic.org.uk. Gardenorganic.org.uk. https://www.gardenorganic.org.uk/gmos-political-and-ethical-concerns
Prakash, D., Verma, S., Bhatia, R., & Tiwary, B. N. (2011). Risks and Precautions of Genetically Modified Organisms. ISRN Ecology, 2011, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.5402/2011/369573