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    Week 8: HIT Support of Evidence-Based Practice
    Nurses working in the recovery room at City Hospital received many complaints from patients who were required to void prior to being released. The nurses also questioned this requirement and decided to explore current best practices based on research evidence. Using the hospital’s health information technology, they located current research indicating that City Hospital’s policy was out of date and that research evidence no longer supported this practice. As a result of accessing and utilizing health information technology to locate evidence-based research, new practice guidelines were crafted and adopted.

    This week you evaluate evidence available through health information technology and consider how health information technology supports evidence-based practice.
    Learning Objectives
    Students will:
    Evaluate evidence available through health information technology that lead to improved patient care
    Analyze how health information technology supports evidence-based practice
    Photo Credit: [Comstock]/[Stockbyte]/Getty Images
    Learning Resources
    Note: To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materials section of your Syllabus.
    Required Readings
    McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. G. (2018). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning.
    Chapter 21, “Nursing Research: Data Collection, Processing, and Analysis”
    The authors of this chapter relate nursing research to the foundation of knowledge model. The chapter assesses informatics tools for collecting data, storing information, and processing and analyzing data.

    Chapter 23, “Translational Research: Generating Evidence for Practice”
    In this chapter, the authors differentiate evidence-based practice and translation research. They also describe models used to introduce research findings intro practice.
    Hynes, D. M., Weddle, T., Smith, N., Whittier, E., Atkins, D., & Francis, J. (2010). Use of health information technology to advance evidence-based care: Lessons from the VA QUERI program. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 25(Suppl. 1), S44–S49.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

    This article presents a study that evaluated the role of health information technology (HIT) in the Department of Veteran Affairs’ Quality Enhancement Research Initiative. The authors convey their findings on how HIT provided data and information to aid implementation research, and how implementation research helped further HIT development. Additionally, the text details methods of overcoming common HIT barriers to implementation research.
    Jamal, A., McKenzie, K., & Clark, M. (2009). The impact of health information technology on the quality of medical and health care: A systematic review. Health Information Management Journal, 38(3), 26–37.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

    This text details a study that reviews the published evidence concerning the impact of health information technology (HIT) on the quality of health care. The study investigated the use of HIT in medical care and allied health and preventive services. The authors primarily focus on the impact of electronic health records, computerized provider order-entry, and decision support systems.
    Umscheid, C. A., Williams, K., & Brennan, P. (2010). Hospital-based comparative effectiveness centers: Translating research into practice to improve the quality, safety and value of patient care. JGIM: Journal of General Internal Medicine, 25(12), 1,352–1,355.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

    This article revolves around the usage of the hospital-based comparative effectiveness (CE) center model. The authors highlight the model’s benefits and the increasing usage of CE evidence. The article also reviews solutions to overcoming many of the challenges to operating hospital-based CE centers.
    Optional Resources
    Chlan, L., Tracy, M. F., & Grossbach, I. (2011). Pulmonary care. Achieving quality patient-ventilator management: Advancing evidence-based nursing care. Critical Care Nurse, 31(6), 46–50.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
    Discussion: Using Health Information Technology as a Source of Evidence-Based Practice
    Before the digital revolution, health information technology supplied very limited support for evidence-based practice. If nurses wanted to be informed about cutting-edge research, their best bet was to either subscribe to leading journals or make periodic trips to the library. With the establishment of research databases, however, nurses became empowered to learn about and facilitate interdisciplinary and translational research. Databases are just one example of how health information technology supports evidence-based practice.
    To prepare:
    Read the following scenario from the text (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2018, p. 506):
    Twelve-hour shifts are problematic for patient and nurse safety, and yet hospitals continue to keep the 12-hour shift schedule. In 2004, the Institute of Medicine (Board on Health Care Services & Institute of Medicine, 2004) published a report that referred to studies as early as 1988 that discussed the negative effects of rotating shifts on intervention accuracy. Workers with 12-hour shifts realized more fatigue than workers on 8-hour shifts. In another study done in Turkey by Ilhan, Durukan, Aras, Turkcuoglu, and Aygun (2006), factors relating to increased risk for injury were age of 24 or less, less than 4 years of nursing experience, working in the surgical intensive care units, and working for more than 8 hours.
    Consider how the resources identified in the scenario above could influence an organization’s practice.
    Select an issue in your practice that is of concern to you. Using health information technology, locate at least three evidence-based practice resources that address your concern and that could possibly inform further action.


Subject Nursing Pages 4 Style APA


HIT Support of Evidence-Based Practice

Evidence-based practice (EBP) refers to the use of a diligent approach to problem solving in a clinical setting. The practice involves the use of best evidence derived from well-designed studies, clinical expertise, and patient value and preferences which come in handy in effective decision making and hence, high quality care. One of the issues facing nurses in practice is the potential medical error as a result of the use of traditional record keeping methods. This further result to quality concerns when offering care to the patients. Health information technology (HIT) can be used to address this concern by assisting in locating evidence based research practices and informing the decision making process.

First, the study by Moody-Thomas et al. (2015) show that the use of electronic health records (EHRs) is effective in promoting quality care by making the records of tobacco users more available to the public health system. Notably, health practitioners can easily track the records of patients who quit smoking tobacco and establish those who still need treatment. Also, the research by Martelle et al. (2015) show that the use of EHRs has proven to be effective in offering quality care to patients in prisons. Through the HIT, it becomes easier to establish inmates who need health financial assistance based on their health condition. Moreover, Boatright (2015) shows that the use of EHRs comes in handy in promoting quality care administration in pediatric settings. Arguably, EHRs prevents the unnecessary and wrongful administration of antibiotics to children by ensuring that proper details about children requiring the medication are documented for an easy access prior to treatment within pediatric hospitals.

Conclusively, EHR reduces the potential for errors through availing patient information accurately thus enabling health practitioners to easily access and evaluate clinical evidence when formulating requisite patient care strategies. Notably, EBP involves analyzing vast and complex information. As a result, health care providers are responsible for implementing EBP practice policies and implementing information systems and guidelines focused on offering IT solutions. These solutions come in handy in offering a clinical decision support and solutions.




Boatright, C. (2015). Treatment Patterns for Pediatric Acute Otitis Media: A Gap in Evidence-Based Theory and Clinical Practice. Pediatric Nursing41(6), 271–276. 

Martelle, M., Farber, B., Stazesky, R., Dickey, N., Parsons, A., & Venters, H. (2015). Meaningful Use of an Electronic Health Record in the New York City Jail System. American Journal of Public Health105(9), 1752–1754. 

Moody-Thomas, S., Nasuti, L., Yong Yi, Celestin Jr, M. D., Horswell, R., & Land, T. G. (2015). Effect of Systems Change and Use of Electronic Health Records on Quit Rates Among Tobacco Users in a Public Hospital System. American Journal of Public Health105(S2), e1–e7. 














Appendix A:

Communication Plan for an Inpatient Unit to Evaluate the Impact of Transformational Leadership Style Compared to Other Leader Styles such as Bureaucratic and Laissez-Faire Leadership in Nurse Engagement, Retention, and Team Member Satisfaction Over the Course of One Year

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