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    IT discussion week 5
    Week 5: Electronic Health Records
    To improve the quality of our health care while lowering its cost, we will make the immediate investments necessary to ensure that within 5 years all of America’s medical records are computerized. This will cut waste, eliminate red tape, and reduce the need to repeat expensive medical tests.

    —Barack Obama (2009)

    President Obama’s quote epitomizes the urgency surrounding electronic health records (EHRs). In February 2009, the passage of the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act designated nearly $26 billion dollars’ worth of funding to promote the rapid adoption and meaningful use of EHRs (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 2012). Despite this surge of support for the adoption of electronic health records, many challenges to their implementation have persisted in the subsequent years.
    This week, you explore the implementation of electronic health records. You consider the benefits and challenges of the implementation process and how nurses can fulfill the role of change agents.
    Learning Objectives
    Students will:
    Appraise strategies for overcoming barriers to the implementation of electronic health records
    Apply Rogers’ Diffusion of Innovation to the implementation of an electronic health record
    Analyze the role of nurses as change agents
    Photo Credit: [Ariel Skelley]/[Blend Images]/Getty Images
    Learning Resources
    Note: To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materials section of your Syllabus.
    Required Readings
    McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. G. (2018). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning.
    Chapter 14, “The Electronic Health Record and Clinical Informatics”

    This chapter describes the crucial parts of an electronic health record system and explores the benefits of implementing one.
    Bates, D. W. (2010). Getting in step: Electronic health records and their role in care coordination. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 25(3), 174–176.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

    The author of this editorial critically analyzes current applications of electronic health records (EHRs) and their impact on cost, quality, and safety of health care delivery. The author describes a study on the use of vendor-developed EHRs in clinical practice settings, the results of which pinpointed the benefits and drawbacks of EHRs.
    Cresswell, K., & Sheikh, A. (2009). The NHS Care Record Service: Recommendations from the literature on successful implementation and adoption. Informatics in Primary Care, 17(3), 153–160.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

    This article defines the United Kingdom’s National Health Service’s Care Record Service (NHS CRS) as a standard electronic health record system. The article describes the challenges associated with implementing this new information technology and provides recommendations for overcoming those challenges.
    Fickenscher, K., & Bakerman, M. (2011). Change management in health care IT. Physician Executive, 37(2), 64–67.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

    This article offers strategies for health care leaders to successfully implement change programs in their organizations, especially with regard to the new standards for electronic health records (EHRs). The article provides insights on change management, the reasons people resist change, and the ways to establish a culture that is more open to change initiatives.
    Gruber, N., Darragh, J., Puccia, P. H., Kadric, D. S., & Bruce, S. (2010). Embracing change to improve performance. Long-Term Living: For the Continuing Care Professional, 59(1), 28–31.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

    This text describes the implementation of a new electronic health record system at a 105-bed hospital related-facility. The authors highlight five key elements that were deemed necessary for a successful EHR implementation.
    Hyrkäs, K., & Harvey, K. (2010). Leading innovation and change. Journal of Nursing Management, 18(1), 1–3.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

    According to the authors, the health care field is in need of more effective leaders who understand innovation, who appreciate diversity and change, and who can foster and implement innovation and creativity. The authors describe how nurse leaders can be instrumental in embracing and disseminating innovation throughout the health care system and provide scaffolding for subsequent articles in this issue of the journal.
    Mooney, B. L., & Boyle, A. M. (2011). 10 steps to successful EHR implementation. Medical Economics, 88(9), S4–6, S8–S11.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

    The authors of this article describe the incentives and requirements for electronic health records (EHRs) outlined in the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act. The authors then provide 10 steps for health care leaders and organizations to follow when implementing EHRs.
    Murphy, J. (2011). Leading from the future: Leadership makes a difference during electronic health record implementation. Frontiers of Health Services Management, 28(1), 25–30.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

    In this article, the author examines the causes behind the increasing complication of EHR implementations. In addition, the author explores the role of leadership in guiding successful EHR implementations.
    Required Media
    Laureate Education (Producer). (2012b). Electronic health records. Baltimore, MD: Author.

    Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 19 minutes.

    In this video, Katie Skelton, Richard Rodriguez, Carina Perez, Shannon Mori, and Carmen Ferrell describe how their hospital implemented an electronic health record. They also outline the general considerations, benefits, and support measures related to electronic health records.

    Accessible player
    Discussion: Electronic Health Records
    Electronic health records (EHRs) are at the center stage of the effort to improve health care quality and control costs. In addition to allowing medical practitioners to access and record clinical documentation at much faster rates, EHRs are also positively influencing care delivery and nurse-patient interaction. Yet despite the potential benefits of EHRs, their implementation can be a formidable task that has broad-reaching implications for an entire health care organization.
    In this Discussion, you appraise strategies for obtaining the benefits and overcoming the challenges of implementing and using electronic health records.
    To prepare
    Review the Learning Resources focusing on the implementation of EHRs in an organization. Reflect on the various approaches used.
    If applicable, consider your own experiences with implementing EHRs. What were some positive aspects of the implementation? What suggestions would you make to improve the process?
    Reflect on the reactions of others during the implementation process. Were concerns handled effectively?
    If you have not had any experiences with an EHR implementation, talk to someone who has and get his or her feedback on the experience.
    Search the Walden Library for examples of effective and poor implementation of EHRs.


Subject Article Writing Pages 4 Style APA


IT Discussion Week 5: Challenges of Implementing Electronic Health Records

            Several challenges are experienced during implementations of Electronic Health Records (EHRs). One of the key barriers of EHRs implementation is that it can lead to legal complications and malpractice lawsuits to nurses, physicians and hospitals if implementation is done poorly since it will increase the risk of errors. The second barrier is that the use of EHRs by untrained and inexperienced staff increases the risk of medical errors, thus lowering the quality and safety of healthcare contrary to the primary purpose of the EHRs. Last, but not the least, barrier of implementation of EHRs is that health care payers tend to realize more benefits from EHRs as opposed to those who are actually financing the implementation of EHRs, thus cost of implementation is huge and considered one of the factors hindering successful implementation of EHRs (Palabindala, Pamarthy, & Jonnalagadda, 2016).

            Nurses can act as agents of change to drive implementation of EHRs through application of Rogers’ (1995) diffusion of innovation theory. Diffusion of innovations theory explains the manner in which technology and new ideas spread in terms of how, why and at what rate. Nurses can act as agents of change by advocating for eliminations of all barriers associated with EHR innovation itself, communication channels for supporting its implementation, time constraints, and the social system. Nurses should learn how to effectively work with different stakeholders including innovators, early adopters, early majority, and laggards to promote implementation of EHRs in their hospitals (Rogers, 1995). Different groups require utilization of different implementation strategies. Nurses are crucial in facilitating adoption of EHRs innovation within their healthcare organizations.





Palabindala, V., Pamarthy, A., & Jonnalagadda, N.R. (2016). Adoption of electronic health records and barriers. J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect., 6(5), 10.3402/jchimp.v6.32643.

Rogers, E.M. (1995). Diffusion of Innovations (Fourth Edition). New York: Free Press.













Appendix A:

Communication Plan for an Inpatient Unit to Evaluate the Impact of Transformational Leadership Style Compared to Other Leader Styles such as Bureaucratic and Laissez-Faire Leadership in Nurse Engagement, Retention, and Team Member Satisfaction Over the Course of One Year

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