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  1. Social Inclusion of Care Leavers aged 18-20    




    Discuss the Impact of Covid-19 on the Social Inclusion of Care Leavers aged 18-20    



Subject Nursing Pages 9 Style APA


Table of Contents


Table of Contents. 1

Methodology. 2

Philosophical underpinning. 2

Search of material procedure. 4

Search Key terms. 4

Exclusion and inclusion criteria. 5

References. 7





The Impact of Covid-19 on the social Inclusion of Care Leavers  aged 18-20 (UK)


Philosophical underpinning

A contrast between the authoritarian and libertarian approaches to the covid-19 pandemic has been the core to debates on social inclusion theories on the impacts of the covid-19 pandemic on society. However, these have underestimated the importance of the contestation between social inclusion and neoliberal visions of society (Haman, 2021, p.245). Understanding social inclusion as a method of achieving social democracy intervenetios and developing an encounter policies for potential crisis among the care leavers call for critical actions that exhibit differences between the neoliberal and social-democratic form of governance and society. Interpretations of health actions in society’s theories focus on the relationship between science, governance, and society and the impacts at stake in these heart-worm debates.

The UK government has claimed to follow science during the covid-19 crisis. However, the science is highly divided, with the independent sage coalition of independent scientists challenging the government advisory group for emergencies (Daly, Hillis, Shrestha and Shrestha, 2021). The policies and methods of governance in addressing covid-19 impacts varied at various points during the crisis and between multiple countries. Sickness and death among care leavers had an exemplary difference in countries and social groups (Ivanov and Dolgui, 2021, p.107921). There was no cure for the virus at the time for these studies, and the significant innovations concern policies on how to separate infected care leavers from not-infected. The models of justice underlie what relationship between people and society in the innovations to curb the spread of the virus. How will the UK governance restructure itself during the crisis of covid-19 that has killed over a million people (including care leavers) around the globe and made millions of care leavers sick and experience social exclusion in the society?

Various inequalities, exclusions and inclusions shape the routes of transmission for the covid-19 virus. Some of which form generations of contact that are conducive for the virus to spread at higher rates. Responses to covid-19 have led to the generation of adverse effects on care leavers activities, the pandemic that spreads through gatherings and mutual associations limited care leavers in such activities. While the health practitioners assume the preventive measures to control the spread of the virus, the steps are non-phamaceutical. They involve separation of the infected and isolation that impact care leavers. Separation policies have not considered their effects on society and vulnerable groups such as the youth and care leavers (Couper-Kenney, and Riddell, 2021, p.34). Reviews of covid-19 responses to the impacts of the pandemic to the care leavers identify six political, philosophical positions as the utilitarian, Kantian, libertarian, biopolitical securitisation, behaviourism and post-capitalism in the society. These philosophies aim at addressing the relationship between an individual and society through the development of response measures from a justice perspective.

In Kantian philosophy, the value of every person in society is critical, and utilisation solutions to control covid-19 are unwelcome. Libertarian philosophy condemns the encroachment on personal freedoms if in the existence of identified interest. Using biopolitical securitisation theorised, Foucault in the context of covid-19 impacts is highly condemned by Agamben as an unjust extension of government powers that unwarranted guise claims to state emergency response. Behavioural approaches to science focus on people who can be nudged to comply with state priorities. According to Briz-Redón et al. (2021, p.26), Intriguing, Delaney calls up the theme of social democracy in their conclusions; social democracy visions and practices underpin the theme and practice of public health interventions to covid-19. Social inclusion as part of social democracy is a model of the society that informs and initiates public health projects. If one is sick, we’re all sick and the impacts and costs associated with society.

The search of material procedure

Since March 2020, when the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a pandemic, led to an ambush eruption of impacts to the society, the call for WHO to assess available data in learning the most appropriate approaches to the pandemic (Pizarro-Pennarolli et al., 2021, p.11026). Many researchers and agencies aimed at collecting original peer-viewed articles in methodological approaches for covid-19 studies. This study has reviewed various articles, journals and reports from different fields to assess the impact of the covid-19 pandemic to care leavers in the UK. The procedure involved in the search for material for this study began by collecting as many covid-19 related articles as possible; there was a diverse global search for websites that generated relevant information for the study in response to social inclusion for care leavers between the age of 18-20 in the UK. Search databases have been highly employed in their search, and they have generated reliable information on the subject.

Search Key terms

The key terms used in this study has been a task that led to understanding the definitions and meaning of various terms used in relation to covid-19 and their true meaning; for example, COVID-19; The name of the disease caused by the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, and is short for “Coronavirus Disease 2019.” (Source: WHO), Isolation; Separating sick people with a contagious disease from those who are not ill. (Source: CDC), Self-quarantine meaning Staying home and away from other people as much as possible after exposure. Home isolation; Persons with COVID-19 who have symptoms or laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 who have been directed to stay at home until they are recovered. (Source: CDC). Essential government functions; All services needed to ensure the continuing operation of the government agencies and provide for the public’s health, safety, and welfare. Shelter or place: All residents must remain at their residence, except to conduct during activities, essential businesses, and high essential government services. (Source: Press Release from the Office of the Mayor: “San Francisco Issues New Public Health Order Requiring all people Stay at Home Except for Essential servive providers and Needs” March 16, 2020). Social distancing; Measures taken to reduce person-to-person contact in a given community, stop or slow down the spread of a contagious disease. Measures can include working from home, closing offices and schools, cancelling events, and avoiding public transportation. (Source: CIDRAP)

Exclusion and inclusion criteria

There was clear evidence from studies worldwide that care leavers and children in out-of-home care are not well served, and the poor’s outcomes are neglected. A key factor is established to lack instability and the likelihood of a breakdown in placements as the degree of pandemic impacts increases. Under-representation of the care leavers in various decisions and significant aspects of the government in controlling the pandemic has been not considered for the benefits of the care leavers (Brown and Shenker, 2021, p.13088). Race and origin have been a factor that caused exclusions during the pandemic. Many state agencies for support and protection of the vulnerable groups founf that people from certain communities were more favoured than others. There was an exclusion aspect based on the political enegagement of society. Many of the care leavers reliance on government support during the covid-19 pandemic was influenced by the political affiliations of that specific society (Vanderslott and Marks, 2021, p.340).

Legislative changes in the areas of transition from care raised age limits in the UK, allowing young people to access advice and support from the state. However, there is no history of such during the pandemic, and emergencies were beyond care for care leavers where response agents and non-governmental organisations are only just establishing services but not delivering them to the vulnerable individuals, including the care leavers who are negatively affected by the covid-19 pandemic.




Briz-Redón, Á., Belenguer-Sapiña, C. and Serrano-Aroca, Á., 2021. Changes in air pollution during COVID-19 lockdown in Spain: a multi-city study. Journal of environmental sciences101, pp.16-26.

Brown, A. and Shenker, N., 2021. Experiences of breastfeeding during COVID‐19: Lessons for future practical and emotional support. Maternal & child nutrition17(1), p.e13088.

Couper-Kenney, F. and Riddell, S., 2021. The impact of COVID-19 on children with additional support needs and disabilities in Scotland. European Journal of Special Needs Education36(1), pp.20-34.

Daly, A., Hillis, A., Shrestha, S.M. and Shrestha, B.K., 2021. Breaking the child labour cycle through education: issues and impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on children of in-country seasonal migrant workers in the brick kilns of Nepal. Children’s Geographies, pp.1-7.


Ivanov, D. and Dolgui, A., 2021. OR-methods for coping with the ripple effect in supply chains during COVID-19 pandemic: Managerial insights and research implications. International Journal of Production Economics232, p.107921.

Pizarro-Pennarolli, C., Sánchez-Rojas, C., Torres-Castro, R., Vera-Uribe, R., Sanchez-Ramirez, D.C., Vasconcello-Castillo, L., Solís-Navarro, L. and Rivera-Lillo, G., 2021. Assessment of activities of daily living in patients post COVID-19: a systematic review. PeerJ9, p.e11026.

Vanderslott, S. and Marks, T., 2021. Travel restrictions as a disease control measure: Lessons from yellow fever. Global Public Health16(3), pp.340-353.



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