Why people differ in sexual orientation
Choose two theories for why people differ in sexual orientation. Explain how they account for variance in sexual orientation, what evidence supports each, and whether each approach most reflects a biological, evolutionary, or integrative perspective.
Whereas during the centuries past, sexual orientation was viewed as a fixed construct and individuals acquired their orientation by virtue of being born female or male, sexual orientation has now become more fluid. Various theories can be used to explain why people differ in sexual orientation. This paper will provide an analysis of theories while providing an explanation for how the theories account for variance in sexual orientation.
According to the biological theory of sexual orientation, sexual orientation resides in the genes of individuals. When an analysis is conducted on he large parts of the genome or even the entire genome, it becomes apparent that the gay gene is translatable from one generation to the next (Bosson, Vandello, & Buckner, 2019). This means that there is a high likelihood that male homosexuality will be inherited by brothers and the same will be recorded by their male descendants. The same is reflected with respect to cousins and uncles and this interlink arises maternally or on the maternal-line (Bosson, Vandello, & Buckner, 2019). When reference is made to the gay brothers, it should be noted that the gene responsible for their orientation is found on the X chromosome (Bosson, Vandello, & Buckner, 2019). This is similarly the case with respect to lesbians. The children of lesbians have a high likelihood of becoming lesbians. The same result arises in relation to straight individuals. The genes are translated from one generation to the next. Based on the foregoing, it is apparent that the theory above reflects a biological perspective to sexual orientation.
According to Money’s theory of sexual orientation, sexual orientation is learned. Individuals essentially learn about their gender identity and they learn to align themselves with the roles of the said gender. Individuals also identify themselves with a particular gender and they resultantly choose too align their way of life with the said gender. This approach is evolutionary in nature since the subject matter individual chooses to align themselves with particular roles.
Although sexual orientation was once viewed as a fixed construct, it is now seen as fluid. The two theories that can be used to provide an explanation for the variance in sexual orientation are; the biological theory and the Money’s theory of sexual orientation.
Bosson, J. K., Vandello, J. A., & Buckner, C. E. (2019). The psychology of sex and gender. SAGE Publications.